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BSC CHEMISTRY NOTES PDF

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Download yazik.info Books & Notes For All Semesters in PDF - 1st, 2nd, 3rd Year. BSC Course Structure and Syllabus for 3-Years; List of Bachelor Science Subjects . Khosla, B. D.; Garg, V. C. & Gulati, A. Senior Practical Physical Chemistry. Notes bsc 1st year physical chemistry notes of gaseous state lecture and study notes. applications in predicting and explaining the chemical behaviour. Unit – Chemical properties of the noble gases, chemistry of xenon, structure and bonding in.


Bsc Chemistry Notes Pdf

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Bsc 1st Year Organic Chemistry Notes - Download as PDF File .pdf), Text File . txt) or read online. bsc organic chemistry. Chemistry. Need to prepare for a chemistry exam? Take a look at this category of free eBooks and find all the Check out our collection of books and notes!. ChemistryNotesInfo: Chemistry Notes for 11th, 12th, BSc, Msc, Formula and Spectroscopy ChemistryNotesInfo provides all notes of chemistry of.

These other types of substances, such as ionic compounds and network solids , are organized in such a way as to lack the existence of identifiable molecules per se. Instead, these substances are discussed in terms of formula units or unit cells as the smallest repeating structure within the substance. Examples of such substances are mineral salts such as table salt , solids like carbon and diamond, metals, and familiar silica and silicate minerals such as quartz and granite.

One of the main characteristics of a molecule is its geometry often called its structure. While the structure of diatomic, triatomic or tetra-atomic molecules may be trivial, linear, angular pyramidal etc. Substance and mixture Examples of pure chemical substances. From left to right: the elements tin Sn and sulfur S , diamond an allotrope of carbon , sucrose pure sugar , and sodium chloride salt and sodium bicarbonate baking soda , which are both ionic compounds.

A chemical substance is a kind of matter with a definite composition and set of properties. Examples of mixtures are air and alloys. The mole is defined as the number of atoms found in exactly 0.

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For the most part, the chemical classifications are independent of these bulk phase classifications; however, some more exotic phases are incompatible with certain chemical properties. A phase is a set of states of a chemical system that have similar bulk structural properties, over a range of conditions, such as pressure or temperature.

Physical properties, such as density and refractive index tend to fall within values characteristic of the phase. The phase of matter is defined by the phase transition , which is when energy put into or taken out of the system goes into rearranging the structure of the system, instead of changing the bulk conditions.

Sometimes the distinction between phases can be continuous instead of having a discrete boundary' in this case the matter is considered to be in a supercritical state.

When three states meet based on the conditions, it is known as a triple point and since this is invariant, it is a convenient way to define a set of conditions.

The most familiar examples of phases are solids , liquids , and gases. Many substances exhibit multiple solid phases. For example, there are three phases of solid iron alpha, gamma, and delta that vary based on temperature and pressure.

A principal difference between solid phases is the crystal structure , or arrangement, of the atoms. Another phase commonly encountered in the study of chemistry is the aqueous phase, which is the state of substances dissolved in aqueous solution that is, in water.

Less familiar phases include plasmas , Bose—Einstein condensates and fermionic condensates and the paramagnetic and ferromagnetic phases of magnetic materials. While most familiar phases deal with three-dimensional systems, it is also possible to define analogs in two-dimensional systems, which has received attention for its relevance to systems in biology. Bonding Main article: Chemical bond An animation of the process of ionic bonding between sodium Na and chlorine Cl to form sodium chloride , or common table salt.

Ionic bonding involves one atom taking valence electrons from another as opposed to sharing, which occurs in covalent bonding Atoms sticking together in molecules or crystals are said to be bonded with one another.

A chemical bond may be visualized as the multipole balance between the positive charges in the nuclei and the negative charges oscillating about them. A chemical bond can be a covalent bond , an ionic bond , a hydrogen bond or just because of Van der Waals force.

Each of these kinds of bonds is ascribed to some potential. These potentials create the interactions which hold atoms together in molecules or crystals. In many simple compounds, valence bond theory , the Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion model VSEPR , and the concept of oxidation number can be used to explain molecular structure and composition.

An ionic bond is formed when a metal loses one or more of its electrons, becoming a positively charged cation, and the electrons are then gained by the non-metal atom, becoming a negatively charged anion. We provide copy of Essentials Of Paramedic Care in digital format, so the resources that you find are reliable. We provide copy of international truck owners manual in digital format, so the resources that you find are reliable.

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BSc 1st Year Inorganic Chemistry Notes [PDF] : Download Here

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This book tries to provide a complete overview of physical chemistry on the level of a Bachelor of Science degree in Chemistry. This book introduces chemistry to beginners.

This book takes learning to a new level by combining written notes with online video. Each lesson is linked with a YouTube video from award-winning teacher and best-selling author Dr Chris Tisdell. The book is concerned with properties such as density, refractive index, acoustic impedance and electrical conductivities of hydrocarbon substances. The aim of the book is to introduce students to the basic ideas of inorganic chemistry and to show where they come from.

This study guide deals with the application of thermodynamics to the description of the properties of materials. The Evolution of Modern Science outlines the story of science from Aristotle to the present.

This compendium covers basic concepts and theory corresponding to first years of university teaching in inorganic and general chemistry; all in one compendium! The textbook is designed to introduce chemistry to students who will take only one chemistry course in their academic career. Chemistry for Chemical Engineers provides background in the topics of mass and energy balances, which are distinct to chemical engineering.

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Essential Electromagnetism provides a concise introduction to this fundamental topic. Starting with forces on charges, it takes a logical step-by-step progression through electrostatics and magnetost.

The book covers the physical-chemistry aspects of quantum mechanics and spectroscopy of a typical university degree in chemistry, chemical-physics, chemical engineering, biology or biochemistry.The postulates of kinetic theory of gas are i Each gas is made up of a large number of small tiny particles known as molecules. Jump to Page. Increasing pressure: Rob Schurko NA Pages.

Chemical Oceanography by Professor James W. Many substances exhibit multiple solid phases. At low pressure and fairly high temperatures, real gases show nearly ideal behaviour.