BALWANT RAI MEHTA COMMITTEE REPORT PDF
The Balwant Rai Mehta Committee was a committee appointed by the Government of India in The committee submitted its report in November 24, and recommended the Create a book · Download as PDF · Printable version. yazik.infoi Committee Recommendations of Balwant Rai Mehta Committee  The Balwant Rai Mehta Committee, headed by MP Balwantrai Mehta, . After taking into consideration the report of the Law Commission of India and. ASOKA MEHTA COMMITTEE REPORT. Recommendations. Approach and Recommendations. Structures, Composition and Election. Functions. Planning.
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16, report of the Balwant Rai Metha study team, which was hailed as a .. the recommendation made by the Balwant Rai Mehta committee Report suggested that the Local Boards would be made representative . according to the recommendations of Balwant Rai Mehta Committee, were: 1) to. Jan 10, Panchayati Raj system in India goes to Shri Balwantrai Mehta Committee. Based on the report given by the Balvantrai Mehta Committee.
A district should be the first point for the decentralisation under the popular supervision below the State level. The Zila Parishad should be the executive body and be made responsible for planning at the district level. There should be an official participation of the political parties at all the levels of panchayat elections.
The Panchayati Raj institutions should have compulsory powers for taxation to mobilise their own financial resources. There should be a regular social audit by a district level agency and by a committee of legislators to check whether the funds allotted for the vulnerable social and economic groups are actually spent on them. The State Government should not supersede the Panchayati Raj institutions.
In case of imperative super session, election should be held within six months from the time of super session. The Nyaya Panchayats should be kept as separate bodies from that of development panchayats. They should be presided over by a qualified Judge. The Panchayati Raj Elections Development functions should be transferred to the Zila Parishad and all the development staff should work under its control and supervision.
The voluntary agencies should play an important role in mobilizing the support of the people for the Panchayati Raj. Seats for the SCs and the STs should be reserved on the basis of their population. Due to the collapse of the Janata Government before the completion of its term, no action could be taken on the recommendations of the Ashok Mehta committee at the Central level. Rao Committee which recommended reduction in the developmental role of the District Collector and assigned a major role to the Panchayati Raj in development administration.
Recommendations The Panchayati Raj Institutions should be Constitutionally recognized, protected and preserved. For this purpose, a new chapter should be added in the Constitution of India. It also suggested some Constitutional provisions to ensure regular, free and fair elections to the Panchayati Raj bodies. Nyaya Panchayats should be established for a cluster of villages.
The villages should be organized to make the Gram Panchayats more viable. It also emphasized the importance of the Gram Sabha and called it as the embodiment of direct democracy. The Village Panchayats should have more financial resources. The Judicial tribunals should be established in each State to eradicate controversies about election to the Panchayati Raj Institutions, their dissolution and other matters related to their functioning.
The number of members usually ranges from 7 to 31; occasionally, groups are larger, but they never have fewer than 7 members. The block-level institution is called the Panchayat Samiti. The districtlevel institution is called the Zilla Parishad. Recommendations of Balwant Rai Mehta Committee. The Balwant Rai Mehta Committee was a committee appointed by the Government of India in January to examine the working of the Community Development Programme and the National Extension Service and to suggest measures for their better working.
The recommendations of the committee were approved by NDC in January and this set the stage for the launching of Panchayati Raj Institutions throughout the country. He was a freedom fighter, social worker and pioneer of concept of Panchayati Raj. He was a soldier in the Bardoli Satyagraha.
The Panchayat Samiti should be the executive body while the Zila Parishad should be the advisory, coordinating and supervisory body. These recommendations were accepted by the National Development Council in January Recommendations of Ashok Mehta Committee.
The committee submitted its report in August and made recommendations. The recommendations of the committee are: 73rd Amendment and Women The 73rd Constitutional Amendment Act has given a new dimension to the process of womens empowerment in India. Womans entry into the rural political system would ensure change in the political system of the village, the perceptions of the role of women and develop grass root leadership among women.
In case of an imperative supersession, election should be held within 6 months from the date of supersession. They should be presided over by a qualified judge. Gandhian Concept of Panchayati Raj System. Gandhiji envisaged a Five-tier system. The administrative system envisaged by him was that of a pyramid whose broad base was composed of numerous village communities of the country.
The higher panchayats shall render social advice, give expert guidance and information, supervise and co-ordinate the activities of the Village Panchayats for increasing the efficiency of administration and public service.
But it would be the basic units that would dictate to the centre. The village shall become the real and moving unit of administration. The 73rd Amendment: major provisions The 73rd Amendment gives village, block and district level bodies a constitutional status under Indian law. At the village level, the most important provisions relating to participation and accountability are those governing reservations and the Gram Sabha. Under the 73rd Amendment one-third of all seats must be reserved for women.
The establishment of a three-tier PRI structure, with elected bodies at village, block and district levels States with populations less than 2 million are not required to introduce block-level Panchayats ; 2.
The recognition that the Gram Sabha constitutes a deliberative body at The term panchayat raj is relatively new, having originated the village level; during the British administration. The word Panchayat means 3. Direct elections to Council of five.
Useful Notes on Balwant Rai Mehta Committee
Raj literally means governance or government. One-third of all seats of Government where each village is responsible for its own are reserved for affairs, as the foundation of Indias political system. His term women; reservations for such a vision was Gram Swaraj Village Self-governance.
Reservations for chairpersons of the Panchayats Sarpanches follows the same guidelines; 6. State legislatures may provide reservations for other backward groups; 7. A State Finance Commission SFC will be established to review and revise the financial position of the Panchayats on fiveyear intervals, and to make recommendations to the State government about the distribution of Panchayat funds. The Nagarpalika Act, i. In many States local bodies have become weak and ineffective on account of a variety of reasons, including the failure to hold regular elections, prolonged supersessions and inadequate devolution of powers and functions.
Having regard to these inadequacies, it is considerednecessarythatprovisionsrelating to Urban Local Bodies are incorporated in the Constitution particularly for- i putting on a firmer footing the relationship Panchayat Day is observed on the birthday of Balwant Rai Mehta between the State The number of Village Panchayat is largest in the state of Uttar Government and the Pradesh.
But it Scheduled Tribes and women. The bill on the issue is proposed to be debated in the winter session? Fund Raising of Panchayats of the Indian Parliament. Ministry of Panchayati Raj sponsored schemes, and iii funds released by the state governments In India, the Ministry of Panchayati Raj looks on the recommendations of the State into all matters relating of Panchayati Raj and Finance Commissions.
Panchayati Raj Institutions. It was created in? May The ministry is headed by a minister of cabinet rank. As of May , the ministry is headed by Vilasrao Deshmukh. Ministry of Panchayati Raj is responsible for the work of advocacy for and monitoring of the implementation of Constitution 73rd Amendment Act the Provisions of the Panchayats Extension to the Scheduled Areas Act. Legislation to formalise these bodies and securing economic development and social justice in their respective areas.
Kudumbasree Project Kudumbasree is a major group initiative in Kerala aiming at women empowerment. Kudumbashree project envisages self-help as different from the traditional subsidy-based approach.
Kudumbashree envisages prosperity of the economically backward families in the state with multiple programmes that will provide them information, create awareness, build up their capability and capacity, enhance their confidence and show them opportunity for better social security and empower them physically, socially, economically and politically.
Under the project, Neighbourhood Groups NHGs consisting of 15 to 40 identified families, each represented by a woman would be organised.
Each Neighbourhood Group would have a five member elected committee functioning for a period of two years.
The Neighbourhood Groups at the local level would be democratically organised. The Community Development Society will function as the informal bank of the poor financed by the commercial banks.
Within a short span of 9 years Kudumbashree could bring about considerable change in the that aims to rofit or ga niza tion -p or t-f no a is fo r ci tiz en Ja na agra ha di a by w or ki ng In in cy ra oc m aims to st re ngthen de ment. Janaagraha rn ve go l ca lo n ba participa tion in ur en ga gi ng lo ca l th e be ne fi ts of of s es en ar aw the G overnment sp re ad them and to lobby g tin ec el r te af ts endment to governmen extend the 74th Am to n tio sla gi le t ac cal ur ban of India to en e representative lo or m r fo a di In of the Constitution government.
Ja naa graha lives of women of Kerala by converging resources, ideas and programmes of various departments through the CDS system. Local Self-Government in Colonial Rule. Lord Ripon was the first to initiate the decentralisation discourse during the colonial regime. His resolution stood for decentralisation of administration through the establishment of a large network of local selfgoverning bodies. Ripons schemes could not make itself much fruitful. Then came a series of efforts in the form of Committees, Commissions and Acts.
Notable among them are: 1. The Royal Commission on Decentralisation The Government of India Act, 3. The Government of India Act, But the result was not remarkable, since no colonial rule can promote decentralisation in its real sense. Panchayati Raj systems in Independent India After the Independence, Community Development Programme was started in , Balwantrai Mehta Committee tried to find out the cause for the failure of this programme and came up with the inference that there should be an organisation at village level, which would select the true beneficiaries and implement various government programmes and schemes.
Balwantrai Mehta tried to achieve local self-government though Panchayats. This concept of local self-government was the right step towards decentralized democracy. In , Ashok Mehta Committee was set up to review the working of Panchayats. The committee found out that Panchayati Raj is the soul of democracy and therefore it should be empowered with more authority. Those Panchayats which formed after are known as Second Generation Panchayats.
During , Central Government passed the 73rd Constitutional Amendment Act in , which became effective from 20th April from the date of publication in the Gazette of India. And for selfgovernance Panchayati Raj System is essential. What is the basic concept of Panchayati Raj? The basic concept of Panchayati Raj is that the villagers should think, decide and act for their own socio-economic interests.
Selfgovernment allows us to decide about ourselves without hampering others interest. Collective interest on one side and social and national interest on the other side. The state government plays major roles to support the village Panchyats and to coordinate the village Panchayats. They will ensure the implementation of this system. Self reliance is a must for the success of SelfGovernment.
Every village must produce according to its capacity and try to increase its capacity. Self reliance can be achieved in following ways. By identifying economic and human resources of the Panchayat area, By estimating the capacity of these Panchayat and Environment 73rd Amendment Act has not mentioned the term Environment in the Schedule IX, but out of the 29 duties some are related to environment in one way or the other, these are Agriculture, including agricultural extension.
Land improvement, implementation of land reforms, land consolidation and soil conservation. Minor irrigation, water management and watershed development. Social forestry and farm forestry. Minor forest produce. Small scale industries including foodprocessing industries. Khadi, village and cottage industries.
Rural housing. Drinking water. Fuel and fodder. Non-conventional energy sources. Education including primary and secondary schools.
Health and sanitation, including hospitals, primary health centers and dispensaries. Maintenance of community assets.
To develop networking of Panchayati Raj Institutions and work as connecting link between Ministry and Panchayats. To provide regular input to Panchayat about latest happenings in the field of environment through Newsletter, other resource material and training programmes. To conduct training programmes on various crucial issues of environment and related areas prevailing in Panchayats.
IES publish a quarterly newsletter named Panchayat to disseminate various environ mental news, government schemes and other information useful for empowerment of Panchayats and grass root people. Important features of Provisions of the Panchayats Extension Scheduled Areas Bill Important features of Provisions of the Panchayats Extension Scheduled Areas Bill are following: State Legislations that may be made shall be in consonance with the customary law, social and religious practices and traditional management practices of community resources.
Every village shall have a Gram Sabha, shall be vested with the powers to approve the programmes and projects for social and economic development as also identification of beneficiaries under such programmes. Panchayats at the appropriate levels shall be endowed with ownership of minor forest produce. The Gram Sabha or the Panchayat at the appropriate level shall be consulted for granting prospecting licences or mining lease for minor minerals and their prior recommendation obtained for acquisition of land in the Scheduled Areas for development projects or for resettlement of project affected members of the Scheduled Tribes.
Panchayats at the appropriate level and the Gram Sabha shall have the power to prevent alienation of tribal lands and to take appropriate action to restore any unlawfully alienated land of a Scheduled Tribe, have powers to regulate money lending to the members of the Scheduled Tribes, to manage village markets and to enforce prohibition or to regulate or restrict sale and consumption of any intoxicant. State Legislations shall endow the Panchayats at the appropriate levels with specific powers and provide safeguards to prevent Panchayats at the higher level from assuming the powers and authority of Panchayats at the lower level or of the Gram Sabha.
The offices of the Chairpersons in the Panchayats at all levels shall be reserved for the Scheduled Tribes. The r eservation of seats at every Panchayat for the Scheduled Tribes shall not be less than one-half of the total number of seats. Revitalisation of Panchayat in s. A committee under the chairmanship of G.
Rao ex-member of Planning Commission was appointed on 25th October, for revitalisation of Panchayat institutions. The recommendation of the committee are as follows: District should be the basic unit for policy planning and programme implementation. Regular elections should be held to the Panchayati Raj Institutions.
The concern of the Indian states for revitalisation of the Panchayats in all states was heard during mids when Rajiv Gandhi was the Prime Minister. The government appointed a Committee under L. Singhvi to suggest measures for revitalisation of Panchayat institutions.
The 8 member Committee headed by Dr. Singhvi was instituted in June It recommended i Reorganisation of villages, viable for more financial resources ii Setting up of judicial tribunals in each State to adjudicate controversies in relation of the functioning of PRIs iii For Constitu tionalisation of Panchayats and looked at the system as a vehicle for homogenisation and socialisation of national goals.
The government approached Parliament in for amending the Constitution to constitutionalise Panchayats, and make them more powerful and broad-based. But the Bill evoked sharp public protests because there were many features which sought to tighten Central control. Hence it was subsequently withdrawn. The V. Singh government made an attempt to push through the Bill after deleting the controversial sections. But the government was too short lived to do this.
The Narasimha Rao government was able to enact the 73 rd Constitution Amendment Act, meant for Constitutionalisation of Panchayats. This marked a watershed in the history of the village self-government in postcolonial India.
The Royal Commission on Decentralisation under the chairmanship of C. Hobhouse recognised the importance of panchayats at the village level. It recommended for the formation of panchayats in all villages in India. As such he stressed the need of improving the lot of villages and making each village an independent entity. He thought that the right kind of local self governments with effective participation of people can make use of the locally available resources to convert each village into a self sufficient unit.
Gandhijis ideas greatly influenced the later visionaries who gave concrete shape to Panchayat Raj Institutions in India. Santhanam Committee K. The Committee made the following recommendations: panchayats should have special powers to levy special tax on land revenues and home taxes, etc.
It shall make the following recommendations to the Governor. The Principles which should govern the distribution between the States and the Panchayats of the net proceeds of taxes, duties, tolls and fees levied by the State. The Principles which should govern the determination of taxes, duties, tolls and fees which may be assigned to the Panchayats. The Principles which should govern the grants-in-aid to the Panchayats from the Consolidated Fund of State.
The measures needed to improve the financial position of the Panchayats. Anyother matter returned to the Finance Commission by the Governor in the interest of sound finance of the Panchayats. The State Legislature may provide for the composition of the commission, the required qualifications of its members and the manner of their selection.
The Governor shall place the recommendations of the commission along with the action taken report before the State Legislature. The Central Finance Commissioner shall also suggest the measures needed to augment the Consolidated.
Fund of State to supplement the resources of the Panchayats in the States on the basis of the recommendations made by the Finance Commission of the State. The Presidebt of India may direct that the provisions of this Act shall apply to any Union Territory subject to such exceptions and modification as he may specify.
The State Legislature may make provisions with respect to the maintenance of the accounts by the Panchayats and the auditing of such accounts. The date of commencement of this Act was 24th April The headquarters of the Tribunal is at Trivandrum. Creation of a Tribunal for adjudication of conflicts between local governments and the citizens is an important step for solving disputes. Any person aggrieved can submit an appeal or revision against a notice order or proceedings of the Village Panchayat or Municipality or its Standing Committee for Finance or the Secretary in respect of any matter specified in the schedule appended to the Tribunal for Kerala Local self Government Institutions rules.
Evolution of Panchayati Raj System in India
Rao Committee The G. Rao Committee was appointed to once again look at various aspects of PRIs. The Committee was of the opinion that a total view of rural development must be taken in which PRIs must play a central role in handling people's problems. It recommended the following PRIs have to be activated and provided with all the required support to become effective organisations, PRIs at the district level and below should be assigned the work of planning, implementation and monitoring of rural development programmes, and the block development office should be the spinal cord of the rural development process.
The quorum for the meeting is one-fifth of the total membership. Who are the functions of Grama Sabha? The functions of the Grama Sabha are as follows a.
If the President or the Vice President are not working properly, they can be removed from their offices, provided two-thirds of the members of the Grama Sabha pass a resolution to that effect; f. Grama Panchayat Gram panchayats are local selfgovernments at the village or small town level in India. The gram panchayat is the foundation of the Panchayat System. A gram panchayat can be set up in villages with minimum population of The Sarpanch or Chairperson is the head of the Gram Panchayat.
The elected members of the Gram Panchayat elect from among themselves a Sarpanch and a Deputy Sarpanch for a term of five years.
In some places the panchayat president is directly elected by village people. The Sarpanch presides over the meetings of the Gram Panchayat and supervises its working. He implements the development schemes of the village. The Deputy Sarpanch, who has the power to make his own decisions, assists the Sarpanch in his work. What is the present position of Panchayatiraj system? There are about 3 million elected representatives at all levels of the panchayat one-third of which are women.
These members represent more than 2. Spread over the length and breadth of the country, the new panchayats cover about 96 per cent of India's more than 5. This is the largest experiment in decentralisation of governance in the history of humanity.
What is Grama Sabha? Grama Sabha means a body consisting of persons registered in the electoral rolls relating to a village comprised within the area of Panchayat at the village legel. Article A provides that the Grama Sabha may exercise such powers and perform such functions at the village level as the Legislature of a State may by law provide.
The Grama Sabha has atleast two meetings in a year, the first after the harvesting of the Kharif summer crop and the second after The President and the Vice President of the Grama Sabha are the ex-officio members of te Grama Panchayat.
What are the powers and functions of the Grama Panchayats? Under Articles GH of Schedule XI of the Constitution the Panchayats have been entrusted with many responsibilities in regard to matters listed in the XIth Schedule which contains 29 items inserted by 73rd Amendment. Their main functions are as followsi. Obligatory Functions They include a provision of safe drinking water which involves construction and maintenance of public wells and tanks; b for health care facilities, Panchayats must set up dispensaries and health centres; c arrangements for primary education; d upkeep of roads, foot paths and culverts; e good drainage; and f street lights.
Discretionary Functions If their resources permit the Panchayats can undertake the following activities plantation of trees; levelling the ground by filling up the pits; setting up the insemination centres for cattle; helping villagers at the time of famines; maintaining libraries and the reading rooms. Developmental Functions The Eleventh Schedule speaks of a number of developmental activities, such as minor irrigation schemes; preparation and execution of agricultural plans; rural electrification anti non-conventional energy programmes; vocational education; e cottage and small scale industries including food processing industries; f rural housing g poverty alleviation programmes; and h welfare schemes for weaker and handicapped sections of society.
Regulatory and General Administrative Functions The Panchayats perform a number of administrative functions as well. These are registration of births, deaths and marriages maintenance of watch and ward service collection of records and statistics; maintenance of the common property of the villages; and helping the government in maintaining law and order.Democratic decentralisation accelerates the process of development in all areas.
The Government of India, in partnership with the State Governments, has made strenuous efforts to fulfil this mandate and, though significant improvements were seen in various educational indicators, the ultimate goal of providing universal and quality education still remains unfulfilled. Self reliance can be achieved in following ways. Minor forest produce. By identifying economic and human resources of the Panchayat area, By estimating the capacity of these Panchayat and Environment 73rd Amendment Act has not mentioned the term Environment in the Schedule IX, but out of the 29 duties some are related to environment in one way or the other, these are Agriculture, including agricultural extension.