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The Souls of Black Folk. Electronic Text Center, University of Virginia Library. Chapter 1. I. Of Our Spiritual Strivings. O water, voice of my heart, crying in the. The Project Gutenberg EBook of The Souls of Black Folk, by W. E. B. Du Bois This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no. Free kindle book and epub digitized and proofread by Project Gutenberg.

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W.E.B. Du Bois, The Souls of Black Folk (). 2. CHAPTER I. Of Our Spiritual Strivings. O water, voice of my heart, crying in the sand, All night long crying with . Free PDF, epub, Kindle ebook. The Souls of Black Folk is a classic work of American literature by W. E. B. Du Bois. It is a seminal work in the history of. An Analysis of W. E. B. Du Bois's The Souls of Black Folk Jason Xidias DUBOIS BOOK yazik.info 1 24/06/ Ways In to the text KEY POINTS • the.

Washington, to the role of spokesman for the race. Du Bois argues that Washington's approach to race relations is counterproductive to the long-term progress of the race.

Washington's acceptance of segregation and his emphasis on material progress represent an "old attitude of adjustment and submission. Du Bois insists that "the right to vote," "civic equality," and "the education of youth according to ability" are essential for African American progress. Du Bois relates his experiences as a schoolteacher in rural Tennessee, and then he turns his attention to a critique of American materialism in the rising city of Atlanta where the single-minded attention to gaining wealth threatens to replace all other considerations.

In terms of education, African Americans should not be taught merely to earn money. Rather, Du Bois argues there should be a balance between the "standards of lower training" and the "standards of human culture and lofty ideals of life.

Du Bois returns to an examination of rural African American life with a presentation of Dougherty County, Georgia as representative of life in the southern Black Belt.

He presents the history and current conditions of the county.

Cotton is still the life-blood of the Black Belt economy, and few African Americans are enjoying any economic success. Du Bois describes the legal system and tenant farming system as only slightly removed from slavery. He also examines African American religion from its origins in African society, through its development in slavery, to the formation of the Baptist and Methodist churches. He argues that "the study of Negro religion is not only a vital part of the history of the Negro in America, but no uninteresting part of American history.

What is this work? What had to happen for its work to succeed? Below is a format students can use.

The Souls of Black Folk by W. E. B. Du Bois

Once the students have completed their graphic organizer individually, ask them to share their ideas with a partner and reine their notes on the graphic organizer. Write this in sentence form in your own words.

You may use direct quotes Cite at least 3. What were made his argument? What were the strengths? What did you want to know the strengths? What did you want to know more about? Focus whole group discus- sion on the following questions: How did Field-Order 15 compare with other policy and military actions undertaken during and after the Civil War as described by Du Bois?

What might have been problematic in these approaches?

Washington who believed that blacks would gain the respect of whites when they turned all their attention to economic goals. He advocated training for blacks in vocational trades where they could focus on skills such as farming and the industrial arts, skills which would enable them to be self-suicient. Labeled an accommodationist, Washington believed that blacks should refrain from seeking integration and their civil rights. He counters Washington by providing a history of black leaders with diferent approaches.

Explain your answer with supporting evidence from the chapter. Considering the time period, was Washington or Du Bois more persuasive in his argu- ments concerning equality? For example, who would have appealed to Southern whites, Southern blacks and why?

Why or why not? Ask students to follow along in this activity using a graphic organizer. Imagine Elaborate Predict Confirm 1. Elaborate—model strategies for going deeper into their irst images to build on prior knowledge, personal experiences, and details. DuBois 9 3. Ask students to list their predictions. Conirm—after reading, ask students to return to their graphic organizers to use the inal column to add new information to their initial predictions.

He categorizes these leaders based on three attitudes: 1 revolt and revenge, 2 adjustment of thought and action to the greater good, and 3 self-realization and self-development. He begins the story describing his eforts to establish a school and then reminisces about the friendships he made with the members of the community.

He argues that common schools and indus- trial training schools did very little to equip all people with the knowledge to combat racial injustices. And all this life and love and strife and failure,—is it the twilight of nightfall or the lush of some faint-dawning day?

Evaluate this statement.

Does Du Bois seem optimistic or pessimistic about progress? How does the myth of Atalanta apply to the city of Atlanta according to Du Bois, and what implication does he draw for the universities of the South? DuBois 11 4. What values and attitudes should characterize the man educated by the Negro college as envisioned by Du Bois? Discuss: What opportunities or limitations are presented? What character- istics distinguish across the institutions? Does the institution exist today? If so, are the same training and courses provided?

How has the institution changed in response to modern issues? Is there still a need for HBCUs? On the roads below Macon, Du Bois encounters black families and individuals farming the lands after the prosperity of the region has long passed. Du Bois reveals the poverty and hardships of tenant farming and the efects these conditions have had on the black laborers.

He blames this in part on the luctuating price of cotton and institution- alized racism. Du Bois argues that freedom from slavery did little to change the lives of blacks in the South because neither social structures nor attitudes changed.

He is sharply critical of the lack of economic, educational, and social support ofered to freed slaves after the Civil War. In response he lays out his vision of leadership coming from within the African American community. He argues, however, that black leadership had been severely limited by disenfranchisement and intimidation at the polls.

What was the general condition of the tenant farmer Du Bois observed in his riding of the roads near Macon, Georgia? Du Bois documents structural legal, economic and more subtle, but not less lethal, social hindrances, to black economic progress in the South.

He also describes black responses or resistance to those systems. Do any stand out to you as being particularly detrimental or signiicant? What evidence does Du Bois provide about the color barrier or color line and its impacts? Taken collectively what type of picture does he create about life in the Jim Crow South? DuBois 13 4. What does Du Bois envision to be the role of black leaders? What advantages or limitations might there be to his ideas? What are current economic conditions? To what extent do you see evidence of the long term impact of racial discrimination on the county?

The Souls of Black Folk

Students can begin their research by reviewing key characteristics of Dougherty County as described by Du Bois, individually or as a whole class. Next, direct students to the U. Teachers may direct students to pay particu- lar attention to statistics that might reveal the socio-cultural characteristics of the county, e. Ask students to consider whether markers of the color line that Du Bois cited e. Du Bois provides evidence of changes in African American religious practices over time, identifying critical episodes during slavery, the rise of the aboli- tion movement, and emancipation from slavery.

Holding in that little head—ah, bitterly! According to Du Bois, why were religion and the church so important to African Ameri- cans during slavery and after emancipation? How did the ethics of the black man in America change from slavery to abolition?

What were the two ethical tendencies of blacks at the beginning of the twentieth century, according to Du Bois? Choose one example from the text that creates a clear impression on you about what Du Bois experienced and witnessed and then describe what emotions and images are depicted. Why did Du Bois choose to include this chapter about a deeply personal experience in his book?

The Souls of Black Folk by W. E. B. Du Bois

How does Chapter XI connect to the larger themes and arguments of the text? Identify an example of this from the text. Display this quote from Du Bois and ask students to write a brief journal entry detailing their opinions about the best means to resist oppression. Using the narrative framing of three temptations, Du Bois paints a portrait of a deeply religious and moral man who sufered racial prejudice and discrimination from within his own church.

Ultimately Du Bois decries that Crummell was little known in his time and today , despite his great potential and his leadership within the black community. John, a young black man from southeast Georgia, leaves home with great promise to go to school at the Wells Institute.

Du Bois describes his slow, almost painful evolution from an easy going, good-natured young man into a serious thinker. Ironically, his coming of age is paralleled with that of a white playmate also named John, whom he encounters later in life with tragic results. And herein lies the tragedy of the age: not that men are poor,—all men know something of poverty; not that men are wicked,—who is good?

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He had come to save his people, and before he left the depot he had hurt them. He sought to teach them at the church, and had outraged their deepest feelings. He had schooled himself to be respectful to the Judge, and then blundered into his front door.What did you want to know the strengths?

Direct students in partners or individually to study the following resources in order to ill out the information chart. In portions of the country the solutions tried are the inexpressibly brutal ones of the faggot and the petroleum tin—eforts to deal with the ebullitions of an animalism which once was covertly encouraged by means too savagae [sic] for realisation outside the communities in which they have, alas, come to be treated as at least "necessary" evils. In what ways do the songs express emotions?

I remember well when the shadow swept across me. After their visits to Durham both Washington and Du Bois spoke and wrote about their experiences and observations of the city.