LEED GREEN ASSOCIATE STUDY GUIDE PDF
The USGBC LEED Green Associate Study Guide is a valuable tool for exam candidates plan- ning to attain the Green Associate credential. We would like to. LEED v4 Green Associate Candidate Handbook – Click here to Download .. Adobe interactive PDF forms accessible by Project Administrator and project team. LEED Green Associate Study Guide U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC). .. interactive PDF forms accessible by Project Administrator and project team.
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Free LEED Green Associate Made Easy V4 Study Guide - Download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online. Green Building Academy. USGBC Leed Green Associate Study Guide - Download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online. Get the LEED Green Associate Study Guide PDF from GBES, one of the Best LEED Green Associate Study Guides. See Why 95% Our Students Pass The FIRST.
Land which is identified as land for endangered species. Fig 3.
Green Associate Exam Study Course (Webinar Series): Online Study Centre
Population of organisms which is at risk of becoming extinct. Location and Transportation Wetland: A wetland is an area of land whose soil is saturated with moisture either permanently or seasonally. The intent of this credit to Encourage project location in areas with development constraints Reduce the load on Greenfield sites and farm lands.
Locate the project in infill site of an existing development o Infill development involves developments with in urban area Fig 3. Location and Transportation Fig 3. Brownfield sites are contaminated or perceived to be contaminated sites. Brownfield sites require remediation prior to development. A site may be eligible for Brownfield redevelopment credit in any of the following cases: Location and Transportation a. Site declared as brownfield by government agencies b.
If the site is remediated by local voluntary cleanup programs c. Contaminants are identified during environmental site assessment performed as per ASTM standards Priority designations are the sites whose development is encouraged or supported by Government 3.
The intent of this credit is to To promote development in areas with existing infrastructure. To promote walk-ability and transportation efficiency Reduce vehicle distance traveled. Improve public health by encouraging daily physical activity Strategies: LEED encourages high dense development.
Land is a precious resource; high dense development has lesser building footprint thereby protecting greenfield sites and farmlands from development. Points allotted based on density of project and surroundings within mile. A diverse use location shall have all day-to-day requirements like super market, restaurant, laundry, hospital, bank etc within walking distance. This can reduce automobile usage and increase physical activity of the occupants.
Points are allotted based on number of diverse use spaces within mile walking distance from project entrance. The intent of this credit to: Encourage development with transportation facilities.
Reduce greenhouse gas emissions, air pollution, and other environmental and public health harms associated with automobile use.
Select a site which has either access to rapid transit or bus stop. If the site have access to existing, planed or funded bus stop, ride share, street car within mile of pedestrian access 3.
The intent of this credit is to: Promote bicycling and transportation efficiency Reduce vehicle distance traveled Improve public health by increased physical activity Strategies: Select Site which has bicycle track Fig 3.
The intent of the credit is to minimize the environmental impact associated with parking facilities i. Automobile dependence Land consumption Rainwater runoff Strategies: Agency which regulates open space requirement, building height, parking requirement and safety requirements of building.
In many cities, municipality acts as local zoning authority. Reduce pollution by promoting alternatives to conventionally fueled automobiles Strategies: Smart growth is an urban planning and transportation theory that concentrates growth in compact walk-able urban centers to avoid urban sprawl.
Advocates compact, transit oriented, walk-able, bicycle- friendly land use, including neighborhood schools, complete streets, and mixed-use development with a range of housing choices. Location and Transportation Have a Question in this chapter? Sustainable Sites Green Building Academy www. Erosion results in loss of topsoil.
Top soil is rich in biological nutrients and organic matter, which supports plant life. This may further increase the fertilizer requirement for the landscape thereby making more damage to the environment. Storm water run-off from the construction site is rich in contaminants because of construction materials and causes water pollution Erosion due to wind pollutes the air with particulate matter and suspended particles which results in respiratory problems for humans Strategies: Following are the potential strategies the project team can incorporate.
Topsoil is removed from the site and piled in safe place, replaced by free drain gravel and finally restored after the construction. Plant fast growing grasses to temporarily stabilize the soil.
Permanent Seeding: Plant grass, trees and shrubs to permanently stabilize the soil. Mulching is the process of spreading material like sawdust, straw, hay, grass, wood chips or gravel over the topsoil to stabilize it. Fig 4. Silt fencing: Construction post with fabric filter media to remove sediments from storm water run-off.
A cavity where sediments from storm water are allowed to settle down. Similar to sediment traps but bigger in size. A pond with controlled water release structure to allow settling of sediments from the run-off. Construct a mound of stabilized soil to divert the run-off through the desired direction ideally through sediment traps and basins.
Erosion is the process by which solid particles on the surface soil and stones are moved. Erosion in construction site happens because of storm water run-off, wind, foot traffic, construction vehicle traffic, steep slopes etc. Storm water run-off: The storm water that flows out of the project site boundary through the surface is called as storm water run-off. Sedimentation is the process of addition of solid particles in water bodies.
Sedimentation decreases the water quality and affects the aquatic life. Applicable Local standards 4. To assess site conditions before design to evaluate sustainable options. Site Assessment identifies both o Favorable conditions such as favorable climate conditions, good solar access, and healthy plant populations o And liabilities, such as unhealthy soils, blighted structures, pollution sources, steep slopes, and extreme climate patterns.
A site assessment informs good design decisions, such as appropriate plants for landscape, orienting buildings to take advantage of prevailing winds and solar access and optimizing the location of rainwater management features.
A well-developed assessment conducted before or during the conceptual design phase may reduce project costs and risks, promote occupants health, and honor a sites unique characteristics. Conduct a Site Assessment Considering Topography: Contour mapping, unique topographic features, slope stability risks. Flood hazard areas, delineated wetlands, lakes, streams, shorelines, rainwater collection and reuse opportunities, Climate: Solar exposure, heat island effect potential, seasonal sun angles, prevailing winds, monthly precipitation and temperature ranges.
Primary vegetation types, greenfield area, significant tree mapping, threatened or endangered species, unique habitat, invasive plant species.
Natural Resources Conservation Service soils delineation, U. Department of Agriculture prime farmland, healthy soils, previous development, disturbed soils local equivalent standards may be used for projects outside the U. Human use: Views, adjacent transportation infrastructure, adjacent properties, and construction materials with existing recycle or reuse potential.
Human health effects: Proximity of vulnerable populations, adjacent physical activity opportunities, proximity to major sources of air pollution. Create exterior open space that encourages interaction with the environment, social interaction, passive recreation, and physical activities. To conserve existing natural areas Restore damaged areas To promote habitat and promote biodiversity.
Reduce the building footprint. Achieve the required gross floor area by increasing the number of floors. Restore all disturbed or compacted soils that will be re-vegetated within the projects development footprint. Preserve the undisturbed greenfield area. Use native or adaptive vegetation.
Increase the open space of the project beyond the zoning municipality or corporation requirements. Native Plants: Native plants are plants that have developed naturally in a geological location for many years.
Adaptive Plants: Adaptive plants are not native for a particular geological location but can be adapted in the location without significant use of fertilizers, pesticides or irrigation requirements. Invasive plants: Invasive plants are not native for a particular geological location and require significant effort in maintaining them.
Use of native or adaptive plants is a good practice in Green buildings. Invasive plants should always be avoided. Building footprint: Building footprint is the area of the project site used by the building structure, defined by the perimeter of the building plan. Landscape, access roads, parking lots and non-building facilities are excluded from the building foot print. Development footprint: Development foot print includes all the area affected because of the development of the building.
Open Space: Reference Standard: None 4. There are two criteria in this credit: Quantity Control Controlling the velocity and volume of run-off from the project site. Quality Control Controlling the pollutants and contaminants from the run-off. To reduce runoff volume Improve water quality by replicating the natural hydrology and water balance Significance: In many cities storm water and sewage treatment are combined. Sewage treatment is an energy intensive process, when storm water mixes with sewage it overloads the sewage treatment plant and hence consuming more energy.
Reducing storm water run-off helps maintain the natural aquifer recharge cycle. Storm water run-off from fertilized land results in Eutrophication Fig 4.
Reduce impervious area and increase infiltration. Cluster developments to reduce paved surfaces such as roads and sidewalks. Rainwater harvesting. Treated storm water can be used for irrigation and toilet flushing. Use pervious paving materials. Use vegetated roof, vegetated filter strips, bioswales, retention ponds.
LEED Green Associate exam: Two week study plan
An aquifer is underground water bearing permeable rock from where underground water can be extracted usefully. Impervious Surface: Rain Gardens: A rain garden is a planted depression that allows rainwater run-off from impervious urban areas like roofs, driveways, walkways, parking lots, to be absorbed.
Eutrophication is the enrichment of inorganic plant nutrients e. It may occur naturally but can also be the result of human activity cultural eutrophication from fertilizer run-off and sewage discharge. Vegetated filter strips grassed filter strips, filter strips, and grassed filters are vegetated surfaces that are designed to treat flow from adjacent surfaces. Filter strips function by slowing run- off velocities and filtering out sediment and other pollutants and by providing some infiltration into underlying soils.
Retention ponds or sediment basins stores the storm water run-off temporarily and release it at very less velocity provide sufficient time for the sediments to settle down and storm water to infiltrate. Bioswales are landscape elements designed to remove silt and pollution from surface run-off water.
Pervious paving materials allow water to infiltrate as compared to impervious surfaces. There are variety of pervious paving materials available in the market. To minimize effects of microclimates on human and wildlife habitats by reducing heat islands. Heat island effect is the thermal gradient between urban and nearby rural areas In rural areas experiences cooling effect because of evopotranspiration from plants. Where as in urban areas which hard surfaces absorbs radiation.
Stores it, radiates it with a time delay. This contrast between urban and rural areas results in heat Island effect. Heat Island increases the temperature in urban area compared to the nearest rural area from 2 to 10 deg F. Increase in temperature because of heat island also affects the site habitat Fig 4. Reduce impervious surface area. Use vegetated roof. Use high SRI coating materials in impervious surfaces.
Provide underground parking to reduce the impervious area due to parking lot and drive ways. Shade hardscape area with trees, canopies etc.
Solar Reflectance or Albedo: Solar Reflectance or Albedo is the measure of ability of a surface to reflect solar radiation. Solar Reflective index is the measure of a materials ability to reject. Higher the SRI value, lower the heat island effect.
SRI is calculated based on Reflectance reflectance and emittance emissivity. For a material to have a higher SRI both reflectance and emittance should be high.
These values are reference only and are not for use as substitutes for actual manufacturer data 4. To increase night sky access, improve nighttime visibility, and reduce the consequences of development for wildlife and people. Excess light comes at the cost of energy.
Light clutter may cause accidents. Light pollution disturbs nocturnal life of habitats. Sky glow disturbs the night sky view for astronomers. Use timers, occupancy sensors and daylight sensors to switch off unnecessary lights. Use full cut-off fixtures in external lighting.
Full cut-off fixtures reduce the chance of light to escape above the horizontal plane and hence reduces sky glow. Light Pollution: Light pollution is the alteration of light levels in the outdoor environment from those present naturally due to man-made sources of light. Light trespass: Light trespass occurs when unwanted light enters ones property, for example, by shining over a neighbors fence. Light clutter: Light clutter refers to excessive groupings of lights.
Skyglow refers to the glow effect due to excess external light that can be seen over populated areas. Lighting Power Density: It is the measure of power input per unit floor area for lighting. Reference Standards: Eutrophication Animation: Water Efficiency Green Building Academy www.
Protect natural water resources Reduce the demand on municipal water supply systems Reduce the load on sewage treatment system Reduce the energy usage of buildings by reducing the load on water heating and pumping systems 5. Landscape irrigation practices consume large quantities of potable water.
Improved landscaping practices can dramatically reduce and even eliminate irrigation needs. Water-efficient landscaping helps conserve local and regional potable water resources.
Water consumption for irrigation depends on species factor nature of plants to consume low, moderate or high quantity of water , plantation density, microclimate and irrigation efficiency. Consider selecting appropriate species for the landscape to reduce the water consumption for irrigation Consider Xeriscaping. Irrigation system can be removed for such landscapes after 1 year. Native and Adaptive plants tend to consume less water low species factor compared to invasive plants.
Consider use of native and adaptive plants in the irrigation system. Use efficient irrigation system. Drip irrigation has better efficiency compared to sprinkler. Use intelligent controls in irrigation system such as controlling the irrigation with moisture sensors or weather based controllers etc.
Install submeters to help operators manage water consumption and identify problems within the system Strategies in Operation and Maintenance Practices Schedule a routine maintenance for irrigation equipments. For instance if the nozzles of the sprinkler is blocked, water will not be directed to the target. It will run into hardscape areas. If grey water is used there may be a risk of grey water getting contact with human skin. Maintain an optimum height of lawns.
If they are too short, the roots are exposed to sun which will increase the rate of evaporation. Do not dispose the clippings of the landscape. Consider using it as mulch or biofertilizer. Mulch shall provide nutrients to the plants at the same time shall reduce the water loss by evaporation Terminologies: Potable Water: Water with acceptable quality to drink.
Black Water: Definition of black water varies with different plumbing codes but wastewater from toilets and urinals is always considered black water. Wastewater from kitchen sinks are classified as black water in many plumbing codes. Grey water is defined by the Uniform Plumbing Code UPC as untreated wastewater that has not come in contact with toilet waste.
This includes water from showers, sinks, bathtubs, washbasins and clothes washers. Irrigation Efficiency: The amount of water expressed as a percentage used in irrigation that does not get evaporated. Base Case Consumption: Base case consumption is calculated based on standard practice of irrigation.
Design Case Consumption: Design case consumption is calculated based on actual design practice. To demonstrate water efficient landscaping project teams should prove that the water consumption in design case is less than that of base case. Protect natural water resources. Sewage treatment is highly energy intensive process compared to conventional water supply system. Increase energy efficiency within the building by reducing the load on water heating and pumping systems.
Use Energy Star or Water Sense certified appliances and plumbing fixtures Treat the waste water onsite to tertiary levels and reuse it or infiltrate it to reduce the load on sewage treatment plant. Hence projects should use fixtures efficient than EP Act requirements. Monitor and track water consumption periodically Terminologies: Gallons Per Minute: Gallons Per Flush: Baseline water consumption: Baseline water consumption is water consumed in the proposed project considering standard practices are followed in the project.
For water efficiency in indoor, the standard consumption is calculated based on Energy Policy Act Baseline water consumption depends on occupancy of the project and base line flow rates of the fixtures. Design Case Water consumption: Design case water consumption is the calculated water consumed in the project considering actual performance of the fixtures. Metering Faucets: Metering faucets dispense water for a pre-determined period of time and deliver a pre-defined volume of water.
Non water or composting toilet systems: Non water or composting toilet systems are dry plumbing fixtures and fittings that contain and treat human waste via microbiological processes.
Non water or dry urinal: A non water or dry urinal, replaces water flush with a trap containing a layer of buoyant liquid that floats above the urine, blocking sewer gas and odors. Dual flush Toilets: Dual flush toilets have two buttons one for half flush and the other for full flush depending on the requirement.
Water sense: Water sense is a third party certification for water efficient faucets, showers and water closets. EPAct Uniform Plumbing Code: Developed by IAPMO, defines water-conserving fixtures and fittings for water closets, urinals, and metered faucets.
Developed by International Code Council, IPC defines maximum flow rates and consumption for plumbing fixtures and fittings, including public and private lavatories, showerheads, sink faucets, urinals, and water closets 5.
No once through cooling equipment Use non potable water Maintain higher cycles of concentration. The following chart provides the details of end use energy distribution for buildings in US. Minimum Energy Performance Prerequisite. Intent Minimum Energy Performance: To reduce the environmental and economic harms of excessive energy use by achieving a minimum level of energy efficiency for the building and its systems.
Intent Optimize Energy Performance: To achieve increasing levels of energy performance beyond the prerequisite standard to reduce environmental and economic harms associated with excessive energy use.
Minimum Energy Performance: Existing buildings can evaluate their energy performance by using energy star portfolio manager. Optimize Energy Performance: Projects can earn points under optimize energy performance if the energy performance of the building is beyond the requirements of minimum energy performance.
Projects can improve the energy performance by following strategies. Proper orientation of the building: Optimized Building Envelope: Optimize Solar Heat Gain Coefficient of the glazing. Efficient Lighting: Passive Technologies: Consider passive technologies like day lighting, night venting, natural ventilation etc 6.
Efficient Controls: Occupancy sensors. Daylight sensors. Demand control ventilation. Shading controls. Programmable thermostats. Cogeneration increases the thermodynamic efficiency compared to separate heat and power generation. EPA Energy star target finder is a no-cost online tool that enables architects and building owners to set energy targets during design stage 2. Energy Modeling is used to evaluate cost and benefit of various energy conservation measures. Points will be awarded based on the percentage improvement of energy performance of design case over the base case.
EPA Energy star Portfolio Manager is an Interactive online tool to record and track the energy and water consumption of a building or group of buildings. To reduce the environmental and economic harms associated with fossil fuel energy by increasing self-supply of renewable energy.
Professionals from each discipline work individually and consult only with the owner most of the time and not one another. Best practices in water and energy consumption are ignored. No waste management plan is defined to be applied during or after construction. Waste and pollution reduction from construction activities and ongoing operations. The design and implementation of energy and water efficient systems as well as monitoring the system.
Team members work in coordination through a holistic integrative approach to make environmentally responsible decisions. Operation and maintenance cost reduction due to more efficient utilities and high quality buildings. LEED certified projects achieve these three goals of sustainability and is how we define a green building.
Life Cycle Assessment LCA analyzes the environmental impacts of a service, material or product through its entire life cycle. Figure 5 Hard Costs: Costs related to construction phases like concrete, roofing, finishing materials, site work, etc.
Soft Costs: Costs outside the construction site like architectural fees, engineering fees, permits and legal fees Value Engineering: Value engineering is cutting project costs, often during construction phases affecting the actual value of the project.
This program includes the information needed for the project team to start the pre design phase. Flexible Design: Sustainable design promotes flexible design that can support future building occupancy. LEED encourages retrofitting existing buildings because of the economic and environmental costs of a new build. Reusing buildings for a different purpose other than the first one they were built for is called Adaptive Reuse.
Generate electricity and send back to the grid. Return water to the hydrologic system cleaner than it was before use.
Serve as locations for food production and community networking. Regenerate biodiversity. Who should get these? I wouldn't recommend anyone download the Core Concepts Guide The Green Associate Walkthrough Pat at the Green Exam Academy still keeps a fair amount of free resources on his website, including some very helpful, very basic info in case you're just getting started.
LeadingGreen-LEED-GA-Study-Guide-v4-ed.pdf - LEED Green
downloading the guide also gets you a duplicate version of the guide with a bunch of keywords omitted so you can fill them in as practice. Cons - Those very new to LEED or design and construction in general will likely have a hard time given how condensed the material is.
No hardcopy edition available. Pros - Well organized and concise. If you have the magic ability to memorize everything you hear you could get the audio sessions and be done studying in just over an hour. The fill in the blank edition is the only study guide I've seen that offers study tools beyond practice questions, though the USGBC study guide does offer some group work.
No hardcopy edition available depends on your perspective! It's short and to the point without skimping on details, but complete newbies may have a hard time understanding some of the bullets.
Though well prepared and even more concise than the study guide, the audio files are likely unnecessary for most purposes. This may just be my preference for reading over getting lectured to showing up If you're thinking of only getting one or the other, definitely go with the guide and not the audio files. The flashcards are taken directly from the primary references, and the study guide itself is quite comprehensive. Cons - First, cost.
Second, the flashcards are terrible I've taught classes on this and have been working on LEED projects for four years and could probably not answer more than half of these questions The study guide itself probably also goes into more detail than is required by the exam, but as you'll see in the Pros section I don't necessarily think that's a bad thing At the same time, you can get the same level of detail in most instances with the free guide from Studio4 listed below. Pros - For those that are unfamiliar with the actual practice of design and construction or completely in the dark about sustainable practices, this study guide gives you some clear but comprehensive discussions about the sustainable design strategies component of the exam.
The author did a great job explaining the larger issues surrounding sustainable design and construction. For the most part, the practice test questions seem to mirror those provided by the USGBC, and they have an online test simulator that mirrors the timing and format of the actual exam. Note that I did not actually review the online simulator, only the hard copy tests.New Construction Commercial occupancies, Institutional occupancies museum, Church and high-rise residential buildings i.
Photo by Phi I Weston this critical component of Conduct occupant surveys. LEE[ for Homes c. Why is it beneficial to develop in high-density areas and use existing i: Following are the potential strategies the project team can incorporate.
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