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and some visual flight rules aircraft immediately prior to hand off to the Local Controller. Artificial horizon – Archaic term for “Attitude Indicator”. ASOS – See. GLOSSARY OF AVIATION TERMS. The following glossary of aviation terms was compiled and edited by David Miller, AICP for use in aviation planning projects. dictionary provides the basic vocabulary of terms used by pilots, cabin staff, Unlike conventional aeronautical dictionaries, the Dictionary of Aviation defines.

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GLOSSARY OF AVIATION TERMS. Flightpath. AVIATION ENGLISH FOR PILOTS AND ATCOs. Word. Definition and examples aft an adjective referring to the. that affect the movement of air around moving objects, such as aircraft . often used interchangeably with the term “business aviation,” this refers to the use of. Do you want to increase your aviation vocabulary? Here is a list of aviation words in English A tract of land or water for the landing and takeoff of aircraft.

Includes entire cabin and cockpit areas. Aircraft Left — Refers to left interior portion of an aircraft. Airline Deregulation — Refers to the Airline Deregulation Act of, which removed governmental authority to regulate airfares and airline route structures.

In the current deregulated environment, airlines can fly anywhere and charge any price they desire. Every airport in the world has an airport code. Arbitration — A hearing by an independent arbitrator to reach a settlement with relation to a dispute between a company and labor union.

Can include checks on work, education, family, medical and criminal or civil offense history. Base Rate — The basic hourly rate a crewmember is paid. Excludes per diem and other forms of incentive pay. Bid Closing Date — A published date and time marking the end of the bidding period. Bid Opening Date — A published date and time marking the beginning of the bidding period. Flight attendants may bid on monthly lines, vacations, and domiciles.

Bid Package — A published listing of all trip pairings and lines of time available for a specific time period, usually 1 month. Bid Sharing — A practice offered at some airlines in which 2 flight attendants may share or split the same line of time.

Bid — Flight attendants bid on monthly lines, vacations, and domiciles. Bid results are awarded based on relative seniority. Most airlines have an onboard computer system known as ACARS ARINC Communication Addressing and Reporting System which, along with simplifying engine readings and other routine flight data, logs departure times when all doors are closed on the aircraft and pushback commences.

Flight attendant pay is based largely on block time. Briefing — A procedure initiated by an individual in charge of a group, during which specific items of responsibility are reviewed and delegated. Captains and senior flight attendants initiate crew briefings following every crew change. Briefings can also cover irregular operations, emergency procedures, medical emergencies, etc.

B-Scale — A second-tier pay scale within an airline. Buddy Bidding — A system that allows 2 flight attendants to bid the identical schedule. Buddy Pass — A reduced rate, space-available pass that allows a friend or family member to travel on an airline. Most airlines allow a specified number of buddy passes for each employee per year.

Business Class — A premium service offered on most international flights with 2 or 3 classes of service. Amenities may include larger seats, complimentary cocktails, and upgraded meal service. Cabin Crew — The flight attendants assigned to work a specific flight, trip or series of trips. Captain — The pilot in command of an aircraft who is responsible for the safe operation of the flight.


The practice involves flight attendants walking off certain flights in order to create havoc at the airline. Charter Flight — A non-scheduled flight, often exclusively booked by a sports team, band, or vacation group. Check-in Time— Time you are required to check-in at the airport.

Civil Rights Act of — Legislation passed by Congress that prevents an airline from discriminating on the basis of race, sex, age or marital status. Claim Time — This is time paid in excess of hard time. Examples include pay for deadheading and excessive on-duty time. Cleaners — The ground personnel that clean an aircraft between legs.

At some airlines, these individuals are members of the same union as mechanics and are also used for other duties such as aircraft pushback. Some aircraft have only a coach class of service, while on others, coach may be a part of a 2 or 3 class configuration. Cockpit Crew — The individuals responsible for piloting an aircraft. Normally a 2 or 3 pilot crew consisting of a captain, first officer, and second officer if applicable. Long international flights may carry 2 complete cockpit crews.

Commute — The process of commuting by air to a given domicile. Commuter Airline — Small airlines that are part of the regional airline category. Some are affiliated with major airlines and act as feeders to the mainline routes. Contract Negotiations — The formal talks between an airline and elected representatives of a labor group that allow for the establishment or renewal of a labor contract.

The working agreement covers pay, benefits, union security, seniority, scheduling, work rules, vacations, sick time, the handling of grievances complaints , etc. Contractual Work Rules — The airline-specific rules published in a labor contract that govern maximum flight hours, on-duty time, days worked, scheduling procedures, etc.

Crew Schedulers — The group of individuals who are responsible for making sure routine and non-routine flights depart on time with the sufficient number of crewmembers.

Dictionary of Aeronautical Terms

Date of Hire — The date a flight attendant begins or graduates from training. Date of hire establishes a seniority number within an airline.

Deadhead Time — The pay time associated with a deadhead flight. Flight attendants frequently deadhead to reposition for flight segments originating from other cities. Delay — Time period during which an aircraft is held before it is allowed to depart.

Delays may be caused by maintenance mechanical problems , air traffic, weather, connecting passengers, weight and balance, etc.

An ATC clearance is required for all aircraft to operate in the area, and all aircraft that are so cleared receive separation services within the airspace. The cloud clearance requirement for VFR operations is "clear of clouds.

Although the configuration of each Class C area is individually tailored, the airspace usually consists of a surface area with a 5 nautical mile nm radius, an outer circle with a 10 nm radius that extends from 1,' to 4,' above the airport elevation and an outer area. Each person must establish two-way radio communications with the ATC facility providing air traffic services prior to entering the airspace and thereafter maintain those communications while within the airspace.

Airport terminology

The configuration of each Class D airspace area is individually tailored and when instrument procedures are published, the airspace will normally be designed to contain the procedures. Arrival extensions for instrument approach procedures may be Class D or E airspace. Unless otherwise authorized, each person must establish two-way radio communications with the ATC facility providing air traffic services prior to entering the airspace and thereafter maintain those communications while in the airspace.

No separation services are provided to VFR aircraft. Class E airspace extends upward from either the surface or a designated altitude to the overlying or adjacent controlled airspace. When designated as a surface area, the airspace will be configured to contain all instrument procedures. Unless designated at a lower altitude, Class E airspace begins at 14,' MSL over the USA, including that airspace overlying the waters within 12 nautical miles of the coast of the 48 contiguous States and Alaska, up to, but not including 18,' MSL, and the airspace above Flight Level CRAB - A rudder-controlled yawing motion to compensate for a crosswind in maintaining a desired flight path, as in a landing approach.

DOPE - Preservative and pigmented coloring for fabric aircraft covering and paints, generally nitrate lacquer but generically used to denote all early shellac and coal-tar mixtures on up to present-day acrylics.

DRAG - The resisting force exerted on an aircraft in its line of flight opposite in direction to its motion. DRIFT - The angle between the heading of an aircraft and its Track [flight path] over the ground as affected by winds. Alcoa's version is commonly referred to as "Duraluminum," popularly used in aircaft manufacture. ELEVON - A hinged device on the rear portion of an aircraft wing combining the functions of an elevator and an aileron.

Usually found on delta-wing aircraft, it can be moved in the same direction on either side of the aircraft to obtain longitudinal control, or differentially to obtain lateral control. Old French: Fairings are not load-bearing and, therefore, are not meant to carry any principal air loads placed on the airplane structure.

A commercial operator supplying fuel, maintenance, flight training, and other services at an airport. Ferry flights, under certain conditions, may be conducted under terms in a special flight permit. Sometime referred to as Vertical Stabilizer. Rated one to five, with the first figure for clearness and the second second for loudness.

FLARE - A simple maneuver performed moments before landing in which the nose of an aircraft is pitched up to minimize the touchdown rate of speed.

In addition, at selected locations, FSSs provide Enroute Flight Advisory Service Flight Watch , take weather observations, issue airport advisories, and advise Customs and Immigration of transborder flights.

Direction of travel is upward and outward from the fuselage to the interplane struts. When lowered, it forms an extension of the wing surface; when raised, its nose protrudes below the wing, increasing DRAG and reducing YAW. Named for its inventor, British engineer Leslie George Frise.

GLIDER - An unpowered aircraft capable of maintaining altitude only briefly after release from tow, then gliding to earth. A carryover expression from days when aircraft for the most part had no radios, and communication from a control tower was by means of a light-gun that beamed various green, red, and yellow signals to pilots in the air and on the ground.

A popular phrase, "3 green lights," refers to the instrument panel lights verifying that all three gears in a tri-gear aircraft are down and locked for safe landing. GYROPLANE - A rotorcraft whose rotors are not engine-driven, except for initial starting, but are made to rotate by action of the air when the rotorcraft is moving and whose means of propulsion, usually a conventional propeller, is independent of the rotor system.

Originated with lake-based floating homes of the original German Zeppelins in which they were "hung" from cables, which explains the erroneous, oft-seen spelling of "hanger.

HYPOXIA - Deprivation of oxygen, aka "altitude sickness," which can adversely affect human judgment and movement at altitudes above 12,' with symptoms ranging from light dizziness to unconsciousness, even death at the extreme. It was a principal reason for pressurized aircraft.

A radar-based system allowing ILS-equipped aircraft to find a runway and land when clouds may be as low as ' or lower for special circumstances. KNOT - One nautical mile, about 1. Often relatively thin, especially along the leading edge, with most of its bulk near the center of the chord.

Direction of travel is downward and outward from the fuselage. LIFT - The force exerted on the top of a moving airfoil as a low-pressure area [vacuum] that causes a wingform to rise. Direction of travel is upward from the bottom of the fuselage to the top of the interplane struts. While limiting the types of aircraft that could be flown by a Sport Pilot, it simplified requirements for a obtaining a pilot license and did not require a medical examination.

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See LSA feature. LOFTING - Design or fabrication of a complex aircraft component, as with sheet metal, using actual-size patterns or plans, generally laid out on a floor. The term was borrowed from boat builders. Air route - controlled air space or part of it is the form of a corridor secured for use of air transportation. A global association of more than airlines. A UN body for international civil aviation.

Departure sector - an area for passenger entrance in the aircraft, usually marked with special numbers or letters. Airport Office - RIX official office, from which flights are handled. Representatives from the press, etc. Airspace of the Republic of Latvia - air space above the land of the Republic of Latvia and its internal and Baltic Sea territorial waters.

Air field restricted area - part of the airport building and airfield with restricted access. Airfield manoeuvring territory - a part of the air field for aircraft landing, take-off and manoeuvring needs.

Air field traffic - all traffic on the territory of manoeuvring field as well as flights above the territory around the air field. Air field traffic area - air space of a certain size above the territory around the air field to ensure the safety of the air field traffic.

Air field - a certain land or water territory as well as building, objects and equipment fully or partially intended for organization of aircraft departures and arrivals including airplane landing, take-off, manoeuvring, parking, passenger entrance, luggage, cargo and mail loading and unloading, technical maintenance and fuelling. Flight restricted area - restricted air space above the land and internal and Baltic Sea territorial waters for aircraft flights according to the special rules.

Airport ID card - ID card held by airport staff. Illegal interference in the civil aviation operations - actions endangering or possessing a possibility of danger to aviation safety unauthorized entry of a person at the airport restricted areas or aircrafts, possession of dangerous and explosive substances or weapons without permission, use of weapons against the aircraft personnel or passengers, aircraft kidnapping etc. Taxes and charges - fees for safety measures paid by each passenger departing from RIX.

Passenger transportation - transportation of passengers between terminal and aircraft. Passenger area - an area beyond the safety and passport control.

Allowed only for passengers and assigned airport personnel. Carrier - aircraft operator conducting air transportation on the basis of assigned rights. Apron - a part of the airport field for airplane parking, passenger entrance, luggage and cargo loading and unloading, technical maintenance and fuelling.Cargo CGO Also referred to as "goods", means any property carried or to be carried on an aircraft, other than mail or other property carried under terms of an international postal convention, baggage or property of the carrier; provided that baggage moving under an air waybill or a shipment record is cargo.

The path on the ground over which an aircraft has flown. An unpowered fixed-wing heavier-than-air craft. Views Read Edit History. When pushback is complete, the pilot sets the brakes, the tug is disconnected, and the maintenance crew waves off the aircraft so that it may proceed under its own power.

Female aviator Obsolete, potentially offensive in modern use.