CARRANZA PERIODONTOLOGY 11TH EDITION PDF
Tips for Orthodontics and its Secrets Scanned PDF The book tips for orthodontics and its secrets has been written in a simple and didactic way for easy. Download the Book: Carranza's Clinical Periodontology 11th Edition PDF For Free, Preface: This eleventh edition is the most comprehensive textbook and. Purchase Carranza's Clinical Periodontology Expert Consult - 11th Edition. Print Book eBook ISBN: eBook ISBN: eBook.
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PDF Drive is your search engine for PDF files. As of today we practice, Carranza's Clinical Periodontology, 12th Edition includes the most current periodontal. Clinical Periodontology Carranza 11th yazik.info To download full version " Clinical periodontology 10th edition pdf, carranza's clinical periodontology 11th . [Michael G Newman; Henry H Takei; Perry R Klokkevold; Fermin A Carranza;] Edition/Format: eBook: Document: English: Twelfth editionView all editions.
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Key Features Comprehensive coverage describes all aspects of periodontics in a single volume, including periodontal pathology, the etiology of periodontal diseases, the relationship between periodontal disease and systemic health, treatment of periodontal diseases, oral implantology, supportive treatment, and ethics, legal, and practical matters.
Problem-solving, scenario-based learning opportunities use well-documented case reports to help you learn both basic and advanced procedures and techniques.
A one-of-a-kind Genetic Factors and Periodontal Disease chapter examines the role of genetic factors in gum disease.
In-depth information serves as an excellent foundation in preparing for the National Board Dental Exam.
Table of Contents 1. Anatomy of the Periodontium 3. Classification of Diseases and Conditions Affecting the Periodontium 5. Defense Mechanisms of the Gingiva 7. The terminal sulcus is a shallow groove that runs forward as a shallow groove in a V shape from the foramen cecum, forwards and outwards to the margins borders of the tongue. The terminal sulcus divides the tongue into a posterior pharyngeal part and an anterior oral part.
Carranza 11th edition pdf
The pharyngeal part is supplied by the glossopharyngeal nerve and the oral part is supplied by the lingual nerve a branch of the mandibular branch V3 of the trigeminal nerve for somatosensory perception and by the chorda tympani a branch of the facial nerve for taste perception. Both parts of the tongue develop from different pharyngeal arches. Undersurface of the tongue[ edit ] On the undersurface of the tongue is a fold of mucuous membrane called the frenulum that tethers the tongue at the midline to the floor of the mouth.
On either side of the frenulum are small prominences called sublingual caruncles that the major salivary submandibular glands drain into. Muscles[ edit ] The eight muscles of the human tongue are classified as either intrinsic or extrinsic. The four intrinsic muscles act to change the shape of the tongue, and are not attached to any bone.
The four extrinsic muscles act to change the position of the tongue, and are anchored to bone. Extrinsic[ edit ] Lateral view of the tongue, with extrinsic muscles highlighted The four extrinsic muscles originate from bone and extend to the tongue.
They are the genioglossus , the hyoglossus often including the chondroglossus the styloglossus , and the palatoglossus.
Their main functions are altering the tongue's position allowing for protrusion, retraction, and side-to-side movement. It is also known as the tongue's "safety muscle" since it is the only muscle that propels the tongue forward.
The hyoglossus, arises from the hyoid bone and retracts and depresses the tongue.
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The chondroglossus is often included with this muscle. The styloglossus arises from the styloid process of the temporal bone and draws the sides of the tongue up to create a trough for swallowing.
The palatoglossus arises from the palatine aponeurosis , and depresses the soft palate , moves the palatoglossal fold towards the midline, and elevates the back of the tongue during swallowing. Intrinsic[ edit ] Coronal section of tongue, showing intrinsic muscles Four paired intrinsic muscles of the tongue originate and insert within the tongue, running along its length. They are the superior longitudinal muscle , the inferior longitudinal muscle , the vertical muscle , and the transverse muscle.
These muscles alter the shape of the tongue by lengthening and shortening it, curling and uncurling its apex and edges as in tongue rolling , and flattening and rounding its surface.
This provides shape and helps facilitate speech, swallowing, and eating. It originates near the epiglottis , at the hyoid bone , from the median fibrous septum. The inferior longitudinal muscle lines the sides of the tongue, and is joined to the styloglossus muscle.
The vertical muscle is located in the middle of the tongue, and joins the superior and inferior longitudinal muscles. The transverse muscle divides the tongue at the middle, and is attached to the mucous membranes that run along the sides. Blood supply[ edit ] Blood supply of the tongue The tongue receives its blood supply primarily from the lingual artery , a branch of the external carotid artery.
The lingual veins , drain into the internal jugular vein.
The floor of the mouth also receives its blood supply from the lingual artery. An area in the neck sometimes called the Pirogov triangle is formed by the intermediate tendon of the digastric muscle , the posterior border of the mylohyoid muscle , and the hypoglossal nerve.
Nerve supply[ edit ] Innervation of the tongue consists of motor fibers, special sensory fibers for taste, and general sensory fibers for sensation.Written by leading experts Michael Newman, Henry Takei, Perry Klokkevold, and Fermin Carranza, along with a pool of international contributors, this edition also discusses the close connection between oral health and systemic disease.
Intrinsic[ edit ] Coronal section of tongue, showing intrinsic muscles Four paired intrinsic muscles of the tongue originate and insert within the tongue, running along its length.
Courtesy Dr. Keep current with regular updates of the latest periodontal news and information.
Personal information is secured with SSL technology. Classification of Diseases and Conditions Affecting the Periodontium 5. Free Shipping No minimum order. The chondroglossus is often included with this muscle. The earliest signs of periodontal disease must be detected clinically.
The styloglossus arises from the styloid process of the temporal bone and draws the sides of the tongue up to create a trough for swallowing.
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