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The original Persian text was translated into English in three volumes. The first volume, translated by Heinrich Blochmann () consisted of. Ain-i-Akbari, Volume I, (English transla- tion by H. Blochmann). Volumes II and III, (English translation by. H. S. Jarret and J. N. Sarkar). Beni Prasad. The State in. The Ain-i-Akbari (Persian: آئینِ اکبری ) or the "Administration of Akbar", is a 16th -century . Print/export. Create a book · Download as PDF · Printable version.

Ain I Akbari Pdf

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Ain-i-Akbari. The success of the translation encouraged him to persevere in his researches in the history of the successors of Akbar. He planned a large work. Āʾīn-i Akbarī by Abū al-Faz̤l 'Allami ibn Mubārak, , Asiatic Society of Bengal edition, Hardcover in English. 2, i) Tuzuk-i-Jahanqiri, (text); p, , ii) Iqbalnama Jahanqlri, (Urdu, tr.); p. 3, i) Ain-i-Akbari, I, (text); p. 69 ii) Ibid, II; p. iii) Tuzuk-l-Jahanqiri, (text); p.

On flavours. The Wardrobe and the Stobes fob mattresses. On the nature of colours. The Arsenal. On Guns.

On Matchlocks c. The manner op cleaning Guns. On the pat of the Matchlock bearers.

The Classification of the Imperial elephants. The Food allowed to the Ed ib 44 The Servants of the elephant stables. The Faujddr. The manner of riding khasah elephants. The Imperial horse stalls.

The Bank of the horses. The Harness e Camels.

Regulations foe oiling Camels and injecting oil into. The muster of elephants.


On buildings. Regulations regarding marriages. The food allowed to leopards The wages of the keepers. The fourth contains information on Hindu philosophy, science, social customs and literature.

The fifth contains sayings of Akbar, [3] along with an account of the ancestry and biography of the author. Volumes[ edit ] Volume 1 The volume has a total of 90 'Ain' or Regulations dealing and describing the different segments of administration and occupations at that time.

The various ains include the one on the imperial mint, its workmen and their process of refining and extracting gold and silver, the dirham and the dinar etc.

The Ain I Akbari of Abul Fazl 'Allami

There are also portions dedicated to the Imperial Harem Ain 15 , the royal seals Ain 20 , the imperial kitchen Ain 23 and its recipes and the rules relating to the days of abstinence Ain Ain-i-Akbari is an excellent resource of information on the maintenance of the Mughal army during Akbar's reign.

Ain 35 onwards deals with the use and maintenance of artillery , upkeep and branding of royal horses, camels, mules and elephants, describing even the detail of the food given to animals.

The volume also has regulations pertaining to the wages of labourers, estimates of house building etc. Volume 3 The third book is entirely devoted to regulations for the judicial and executive departments, the establishment of a new and more practical era, the survey of the land, the tribal divisions, and the rent-roll of the finance minister. Volume 4 The fourth book treats of the social condition and literary activity, especially in philosophy and law, of the Hindus, who form the bulk of the population, and in whose political advancement the emperor saw the guarantee of the stability of his realm.

There are also a few chapters on the foreign invaders of India, on distinguished travellers, and on Muslim saints and the sects to which they belong. Volume 5 The fifth book contains moral sentences and epigrammatical sayings, observations, and rules of wisdom of the emperor collected by Abu'l Fazl.

He approached the great Ghalib to write a taqriz in the convention of the times, a laudatory foreword for it.

Ghalib obliged, but what he did produce was a short Persian poem castigating the Ai'n-e Akbari, and by implication, the imperial, sumptuous, literate and learned Mughal culture of which it was a product. The least that could be said against it was that the book had little value even as an antique document.

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Ghalib practically reprimanded Syed Ahmad Khan for wasting his talents and time on dead things. The poem was unexpected, but it came at the time when Syed Ahmad Khan's thought and feelings themselves were inclining toward change.

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Ghalib seemed to be acutely aware of a European[English]-sponsored change in world polity, especially Indian polity. Syed Ahmad might well have been piqued at Ghalib's admonitions, but he would also have realized that Ghalib's reading of the situation, though not nuanced enough, was basically accurate.

Syed Ahmad Khan may also have felt that he, being better informed about the English and the outside world, should have himself seen the change that now seemed to be just round the corner.The spies were there to monitor the movements of goods and people and keep a watchful eye on the guild masters, brokers, and merchants. The Ain-i-Akbari Persian: By gradually assimilating the Rajputs into the ruling elite, Akbar secured for his empire enthusiastic local collaborators.

For the first time in historical annals, we get information that Bengal was divided into 19 sarkars, that each sarkar was divided into a number of mahals or parganas and that the total revenue yield was more than one core of rupees.

A large number of men were appointed on the days assembly of expenditure was announced.