yazik.info Physics Soviet Cannon Pdf


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Page 1. Page 2. Page 3. Page 4. Page 5. Page 6. Page 7. Page 8. Page 9. Page Page Page Page Page Page Page Page Page to 57mm. Also available here is the book SOVIET CANNON by Christian Koll. OF PRINT! download the book on CD-Rom (PDF-format) instead for only € Artillery has always held pride of place in the Iriperial. Russian and Soviet Armies . In Imperial of articles on tactical defense has increased in Soviet military.

Soviet Cannon Pdf

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Automatic cannon ammunition mm calibers, applications and projectile developments. Anthony G Williams. Independent Consultant. Co-Editor, Jane's. equipment. These range tables could be used for test firing of captured Soviet equipment. . and a panoramic sight of the mm Army Corps cannon. A comparison of the Soviet Union's BS and US M armor-penetrating cores is made. The BS core is .. Koll C. Soviet cannon – a comprehensive study of Soviet guns and ammunition in calibres (PDF) US ARMY RESEARCH LAB.

A staff battery included a fire control section. In Europe, Austria received about 36 of them in and kept them in service until under the designation PaK-M In , the gun remained in active service with the armies of at least six sovereign nations: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

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mm towed field gun M (M)

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Find sources: In Tucker, Spencer C. The Encyclopedia of the Vietnam War: A Political, Social, and Military History 2 ed. The War in Afghanistan The Soviet Empire at High Tide. Concord Publications.

Soviet X-Planes.pdf

Soviet Field Artillery in World War 2. Schiffer Military History. Jane's pocket book of towed artillery. New York: Romanian Armed Forces in the European War, — , pp.

Port Elizabeth: Archived from the original on 28 July Retrieved 20 September WWII weapons".

The Military Balance. Defence IQ. Archived from the original PDF on 5 August Retrieved 21 January Archived from the original on 19 March Retrieved 19 March CS1 maint: The Herald. Harare, Zimbabwe. Retrieved 28 June Retrieved from " https: Hidden categories: CS1 French-language sources fr CS1: Namespaces Article Talk.

Views Read Edit View history. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. It is said that power corrupts, and the record shows that anyone who 'stuck his head above the parapet' was likely to get it cut off. It seems incredible that in Stalin should have been able to unleash what was called The Terror, in which anyone who might have posed the slightest threat - for example, any senior officer in any of the armed forces - was simply put through a show trial on invented charges and shot.

In the aircraft industry, time after time people who made mistakes, or in some way fell foul of someone more senior, were simply dismissed or even imprisoned and in a few cases, executed. It is beyond question that this omnipresent air of repression did much to counter the natural enthusiasm of countless workers who longed for their country to be the greatest on Earth, and a leader in advanced technology. When one reads what happened it seems remarkable that so many diverse aircraft actually got built.

This book is the most comprehensive attempt yet to collect the stories of the more important of these X-Planes experimental aircraft into one volume.

Of course, some of the strange flying machines featured were built after the collapse of the Soviet Union, but we did not want a ponderous title.

Translation of the Communist state into an intensely capitalist one has tended to concentrate the mind wonderfully. Whereas 60 years ago Soviet designers could obtain funds for often bizarre ideas which a hard-nosed financial director would have considered an almost certain non-starter, today Ivan at his modern keyboard and screen knows that if he gets it wrong his shaky firm will go out of business.

Ironically, instead of being a closely guarded secret, the experimental aircraft and projects of the Soviet Union are today better documented than those of many Western companies. The process of rationalization has seen almost all the famous names of the aircraft industries of the UK, USA and France disappear. In many cases, and especially in the UK, their irreplaceable archives have been wantonly destroyed, as being of no interest to current business.

We may never know what strange things their designers drew on paper but never saw built. In contrast, the Soviet Union never destroyed anything, unless there was a political reason for doing so.

Accordingly, though this book concentrates on hardware, it also includes many projects which were built but never flew, and even a few which never got off the proverbial drawing board. As in several previous books, Yefim Gordon provided much information and most of the illustrations while Bill Gunston wrote the text and put the package together.

The in-flight photograph of the MiG 1. A special vote of thanks is due to Nigel Eastaway and the Russian Aviation Research Trust who provided the remainder of the visual images. Sukhoi S experimental fighter.

Responsible for major features of the LaGG-3 and La-5 family of fighters, he was head of detail design on the derived La-7 and La In he was able to open his own design bureau.

He at once concentrated on twin-jet fighters with nosewheel landing gear, getting the Alekseyev I I into flight test on 13th October Whilst working on derived aircraft with more powerful engines and swept wings, he worked in parallel on a family of multirole groundattack aircraft.

The first of these was the I, or I For various reasons, the most important being the need for long endurance at low altitude, Alekseyev adopted a powerful piston engine.

He adopted a pusher layout, with the tail carried on twin booms. A single prototype was completed in summer , but in August of that year OKB was closed. A contributory factor was Yakovlev's scathing comment that Alekseyev's jet fighters were copies of the Me At closure three derived aircraft were on the drawing board. The IIb I had a revised crew compartment, tailwheel landing gears and swept vertical tails.

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The I I was an enlarged aircraft with a conventional fuselage and tail, powered by a Lyul'ka TR-3 turbojet, which was being developed to give 4,kg 10, Ib thrust.

The IIII I was a variation on the with a very powerful piston engine he hoped to get a Dobrynin VD-4 of 4,hp, as used in the Tu but without the turbo.

No detailed documents have been discovered, but the I was a modern all-metal stressed-skin aircraft designed to a high fighter type load factor. The wing comprised a centre section and outer panels joined immediately outboard of the tail booms. It was tapered on the leading edge only, and on the trailing edge were fitted outboard ailerons and six sections of area-increasing flap.

The tail booms projected far in front of the wing, and carried a conventional twin-finned tail with a fixed tailplane joining the fins just above the centreline of the propeller. The forward fuselage contained a compartment for the pilot and for the aft-facing gunner. Like some highly-stressed parts of the airframe this was made of the new 30KhGSNA chrome-nickel steel, and it was thick enough to form a 'bathtub' to protect against armour-piercing shells of 20mm calibre.

The engine, mounted on the wing, was a Dobrynin VM in effect, half a VD-4, with three banks each of four cylinders rated at 2,hp. It drove an AV contra-rotating propeller arranged for pusher propulsion, comprising two three-blade units each of 3. The I was intended to have heavy forward-firing armament, such as four NR guns each with rounds or two N 30 rounds each and two N 40 rounds each.

In addition provision was to be made for up to 1,kg 3, Ib of bombs or other stores, carried mainly under the fuselage, or six mm 5. For defence, the backseater could operate a remotely-sighted system controlling an NR cannon on the outer side of each tail boom.

76 mm divisional gun M (ZiS-3)

Each of these powerful guns was fed from a round magazine, and was mounted in a powered barbette with angular limits of 25 vertically and 50 outwards. Though the I was built there is no positive evidence that it flew, apart from the fact that the specification does not include the word 'estimated' for the flight performance.

The fact is, in such aircraft were regarded as obsolescent.

A rival, also abandoned, was the IL, described later. Dimensions Span Length Wing area AviAvnito and Osoaviakhim the Society of Friends of Aviation and the Chemical Industry provided funds in , enabling the Kiev Ukraine constructor to create his first powered aircraft. The flight-test programme was opened by test pilot N I Ferosyev on 20th April Results were satisfactory. The M-l 1 five-cylinder radial, rated at l00hp, was mounted on the front in a long-chord cowling, driving a two-blade carved-wood propeller of the type mass-produced for the U-2 later called Po Construction was almost entirely wood, with ply skins of varying thickness.

The wing comprised a centre section and two outer panels with long-span but narrow ailerons. The inboard part of the wing had a chord of 6. The payload compartment between the spars measured 2. In the LEM-2 built the pilot was the only occupant, though it was the intention that a production aircraft should have provision for 11 passenger seats.

Access to the main payload space was to be via large doors in the leading edge ahead of the front spar, but these were absent from the LEM-2 built.Contained on a CD-Rom that is enclosed with this book are another scale drawings in colour of cartridge cases, projectiles and components, both whole and cutaway views and showing all markings.

Studying the photographs makes it obvious that the FBI was what its designation states, and not primarily a fighter. Bureau of Special Design, Smolensk.

CS1 maint: Early SK seats were notoriously unreliable, and when they did fire on command the pilot often suffered spinal damage. It is the first book in any western language that brings together all available information on medium-calibre Soviet arms and ammunition. Dimensions Span Length Wing area Beyond the channel wings were small outer wings with ailerons.

After being repaired and modified its handling qualities were greatly improved. In the Soviet Union itself, these guns were largely superseded by the and mm guns.