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PDF | Solanum xanthocarpum (Solanaceae) (SX) is an important medicinal herb in Ayurvedic medicine. Since, there are Join for free. Download full-text PDF. Kantakari (Solanum xanthocarpum Schrad. Download full-text PDF flower, root, seeds of Solanum xanthocarpum and the plant as a whole. Solanum xanthocarpum contains alkaloids, phenolics, flavanoids, sterol, saponins and This review presents chemical constituents of S. xanthocarpum and its.

Solanum Xanthocarpum Download

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The medicinal plants are widely used by the traditional medical practitioners for curing various diseases. Kantakari (Solanum xanthocarpum. Pankaj Oudhia's talk on Medicinal Plant Solanum xanthocarpum (Bhatkatiya) and its uses in treatment of skin DOWNLOAD OPTIONS. Hepatoprotective effect of Solanum xanthocarpum fruit extract against. CCl4 induced acute liver toxicity in experimental animals. Ramesh K Gupta1,2, Talib.

The methanolic extract of S.

Medicinal plants of Bangladesh—chemical constituents and uses. Bangladesh: Asiatic society of Bangladesh, J Assoc Phys India ;19 10 J Ethnopharmacol ;66 2 Indian J Med Sci ;20 8 Int J Androl ;5 3 Planta Med ;22 2 Indian J Med Res ;55 7 J Org Chem ;36 25 Science ; Phytochemical methods.

Chapman and Hall: London, Phenolics are a group of naturally occurring compounds having functional hydroxyl groups.

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They have been reported to possess antioxidant and antiviral activities [ 3 ]. Free radical scavenging and inhibition of lipid peroxidation are two such mechanisms by virtue of which phenolics may combat the deleterious effect of ROS [ 4 , 5 ]. Oxidative stress induces a cellular redox imbalance which has been observed in various cancer cells. Polyphenols have been shown to inhibit the cancer associated enzyme telomerase, cell cycle and induce apoptosis [ 6 ].

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Many important anticancer drugs are derived from plant sources, e. Compounds having low side effects, inducing apoptosis and target specific cytotoxicity to the cancer cells are drugs of choice [ 8 ]. Inhibitors bind with the active or allosteric site of HIV RT based on their chemical nature whether they are analogs of nucleoside or non-nucleoside, respectively.

This interaction may significantly reduce morbidity and mortality of HIV infected patients [ 9 ]. Several anti-HIV phytoconstituents of plant origin are known which include drymaritin an alkaloid , diandraflavone, torosaflavone A, and cis-p-coumarate derived from a weed Drymaria diandra[ 10 ].

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Phytoconstituents present in natural food items especially in edible fruits have been found to possess various pharmacological activities for example proanthocyanidin extracts of Vitis vinifera Vitaceae and ethanolic fraction of Litchi chinensis Sapindaceae fruits have been reported to exhibit potential antioxidant, anti carcinogenic and antiviral activities [ 11 , 12 ].

Solanum xanthocarpum Schrad.

In vernacular it is known as Kantakari or Bhatkatiya. Fruits are berry, yellow or with white green strips, surrounded by enlarged calyx. Fruits are edible and local people of Manipur India use it as folk medicine for treatment of various ailments. In Kerala, the Kattunaikka, Paniya and Kuruma tribes of Wayanad district consume fruits and seeds as food [ 14 ].

Additionally, Mishra et al. Studies on L.

The current study evaluated the in vitro anti-leishmanial activity of Solanum nigrum extracts on L. Experimental design The in vitro studies were carried out using a comparative study design. Plant collection and preparation of the extracts Fresh leaves of Solanum nigrum were collected form Kisii and Bungoma, Kenya, where the plant is abundant.

The methanolic extracts were prepared as described by Mekonnen et al. Immediately, g of ground plant material was soaked in ml of analytical grade methanol for 72 h at room temperature with gentle shaking. The mixture was filtered using Whatman No.

The extracts were coded as A and B for methanolic extracts of S. The aqueous extracts were prepared as described by Delahaye et al.

The extracts were coded as C and D for S. The mice were used for extraction of peritoneal macrophages that were used for anti-amastigote assay. The metacyclic promastigotes were then used for the in vitro assays.

The assay was carried out as described by Wabwoba et al.

The controls wells comprised of Vero cells and medium while the blank wells had medium alone. The absorbance optical density was measured for each well plate using a microtiter plate reader at wavelength of nm. The IC50 values of the extracts were determined automatically using the Chemosen program 2.Carpintero et al.

Further, in this study tomatidine exerted insignificant effects on the weight of the foetuses in pregnant mice and also no abortion of foetuses were reported. Many of the Solanum alkaloids are shown to have regulatory activity on nervous system at low dosage regimens, but exert its neurotoxicity above optimal doses. Present study reports the medicinal efficacy of S. Despite of having desirable antiproliferative effect against cancer cells, this compound was reported to have high retention period in human body.

In addition, the level of 3H-spiperone in brain and dopamine associated activity of adenylate cyclase remains unchanged confirming the post-synaptic association of scopolamine [77]. Also, solasodine treated left brain ventricle exhibited remarkable hike in bromodeoxyuridine utilization by ependymal cells. Antimicrobial activities were estimated by measuring zones of inhibition through hole-plate diffusion method, against the Enterobacteriaceae isolated from food samples.

Solaverbascine, a new alkaloid from S.