O PODER DO MITO JOSEPH CAMPBELL PDF
Download O Poder do Mito – Joseph Campbell em ePUB mobi e PDF “O Poder do mito” é uma animada conversa entre o jornalista norte-americano Bill Moyers . campbell o poder do mito joseph campbell free campbell o poder do pdf. The Power of Myth is a book based on the PBS documentary Joseph Campbell . joseph campbell o poder do mito natalia alves joseph campbell pdf. Joseph John Campbell (White Plains, New York, 26 maart â€“ Honolulu, 30 oktober.
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The form and function of mythology in the modern world is the main topic of this chapter and to illustrate his ideas, Campbell recounts aspects of his own earlier life. Without specifically stating it, the assumption is made that the modern world under consideration is that of Campbell's world—the Christian-based, urbanized culture of North America, the so-called Modern Western Society.
Campbell describes his own upbringing as a Roman Catholic and his early fascination with the myths and stories of the American Indians.
He recalls the excitement he felt when he realized that the motifs of creation, death, resurrection, and ascension into heaven, which the nuns were teaching him at his school, also occurred in American Indian myths. This was the beginning of his lifelong interest in comparative mythology.
Later on in life he found the same universal themes in Hinduism and in the medieval Arthurian legends. The discussion considers the role of myth and ritual in contemporary society. Contemporary rituals are carried out to mark special events in private lives, such as an individual's marriage or enlistment in a branch of the armed forces and, on public occasions such as the inauguration of civil and national leaders.
In the Introduction to the book, Moyers recalls Campbell's description of the solemn state funeral after the assassination of John F. Kennedy, as an "illustration of the high service of ritual to a society," and where Campbell identifies the ritualized occasion as fulfilling a great social necessity.
In general, however, Campbell and Moyers, reach the conclusion that there is a lack of effective mythology and ritual in modern American society. They find nothing that compares with the powerful puberty rituals of primitive societies. They claim that the exclusion of classical studies from the modern educational syllabus has led to a lack of awareness of the mythological foundations of western society's heritage. This, combined with an increased materialism and emphasis on technology, has led to modern youth in New York, becoming alienated from the mainstream of society and inventing their own morality, initiations and gangs.
Marriage, as an example of a paramount modern social institution, becomes the next subject of discussion. Campbell differentiates between marriage and love affairs and imparts some very lofty ideals to marriage, in contrast to love affairs, that he categorically states inevitably end in disappointment. True marriage, in Campbell's opinion, embodies a spiritual identity and invokes the image of an incarnate God.
Campbell and Moyers agree that the main objective of marriage is not the birth of children and the raising of families. They discard the concept of perpetuation of the human species as being the primary function of marriage and relegate this to a first stage. This first stage is followed by a second one where the offspring have departed into the world and only the couple is left.
Campbell invokes the image of marriage as being an ordeal in which the ego is sacrificed to a relationship in which two have become one. This, he states, is a mythological image that embodies the sacrifice of the visible for a transcendent good. Campbell labels this stage of marriage as the alchemical stage. On the subject of the ritual of marriage, Campbell and Moyers complain that it has lost its force and has become a mere remnant of the original; they contend that the ritual that once conveyed an inner reality is now merely form.
Campbell and Lucas became friends when Lucas publicly acknowledged the influence Campbell's writings had on the development of his hugely successful film "Star Wars.
So it is not surprising that there are many references to the characters from "Star Wars" throughout the book. In a similar fashion, John Wayne is identified as a modern myth and Campbell recalls Douglas Fairbanks as having been a boyhood hero.
At the beginning of this chapter, and in other parts of the book, Campbell states that modern society lacks the stability it previously derived from being educated in the mythology and legends of the Greek and Roman classics. Campbell and Moyers agree that there is no effective mythology in modern society by which individuals can relate to their role in the world. An analysis of the national symbols of the United States is used by Campbell to illustrate the ability for myths to incorporate the beliefs of a whole society and to provide the mythology to unify a nation.
More recently, when the image of the earth, taken from the lunar landings, was published, it led to the universal realization that human beings must identify with the entire planet. This concept of the emergence of a new mythology based on global aspects of life is reiterated several times by Campbell. Moyers and Lucas filmed an interview 12 years later in , modeled after The Power of Myth. Perry adapted the text from newspaper accounts that were, in turn, published years after Chief Seattle delivered the actual speech.
O Poder do Mito por Joseph Campbell
The following part of the interview reveals Campbell's views on religious fundamentalism which, in the modern world, is conceptualised by the desire by some adherents of world's disparate religions, to return to the old practices of a given religion. Bill Moyers: You've seen what happens when primitive societies are unsettled by white man's civilization.
They go to pieces, they disintegrate, they become diseased.
Hasn't the same thing been happening to us since myths began to disappear? Joseph Campbell: Absolutely, it has. Bill Moyers: Isn't that why conservative religions today are calling for the old-time religion?
And when Siegfried has killed the dragon and tasted the blood, he hears the song of nature; he has transcended his humanity, you know, and reassociated himself with the powers of nature, which are the powers of our life, from which our mind removes us. It must submit and serve the humanity of the body. And this is the threat to our lives; we all face it, we all operate in our society in relation to a system. Now, is the system going to eat you up and relieve you of your humanity, or are you going to be able to use the system to human purposes?
My life has been that of a maverick; I would not submit. A girl with her mother lived in a wigwam on the edge of the village. She was a very handsome girl, but extremely proud and would not accept any of the boys.
They proposed to her through the mother, and the mother was terribly annoyed with her. And while they are collecting the wood, a terrific darkness comes over them. So he goes away with the girl; she has acquiesced. Now, the adventure is marvelous. She goes with him to his village, and they enter his lodge.
The people in there greet her and she feels very comfortable about it and all. When he closes the flap, she hears this strange sound. Next day he goes off to hunt, and then she leaves the lodge to gather wood. And the first thing she sees is an enormous serpent basking on the rocks. And then another, and then another, and she begins to feel very badly, very homesick and discouraged.
Then the evening. They are great magicians, and like many people of this kind, their hearts are not in their bodies. And she continues to run and he says. What you have done has been to elevate yourself out of the local field and put yourself in the field of higher power, higher danger.
And are you going to be able to handle it? If you are eligible, it can be a glory that will give you a life that is yours, in your own way. The source of life: what is it? No one knows. And what is it that life is. I find thinking in mythological terms has helped people, visibly you can see it happen. The adventure of being alive, of living. The European dragon guards things in his cave, and what he guards are heaps of gold and virgins. And the problem of the psychiatrist is to break that dragon, open him up, so that you can have a larger field of relationships.
Jung had a patient come to him who felt alone, and she drew a picture of herself as caught in the rocks, from the waist down she was bound in rocks. And this was on a windy shore, and the wind blowing and her hair blowing, and all the gold, which is the sign of the vitality of life, was locked in the rocks. And the next picture that he had her draw had followed something he had said to her. Suddenly a lightning flash hit the rocks, and the gold came pouring out, and then she found reflected on rocks round about the gold.
There was no more gold in the rocks, it was all available on the top. And in the conferences that followed, those patches of gold were identified. They were her friends. Do you see what I mean? This is killing the dragon.
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At least the European dragon; the Chinese dragon is different. But this is the negative one that cuts you down.
What I regard as the aim of my life and so forth. It might be too small. It might be that which pins you down. And so the environment is your dragon, as it reflects within yourself. I mean, you do. The world is a wasteland. People have the notion of saving the world by shifting it around and changing the rules and so forth. And the way to bring it to life is to find in your own case where your life is, and be alive yourself, it seems to me.
Do I have to go alone? But ultimately the last trick has to be done by you. What is it? The Buddhists talk of nirvana; Jesus talks of peace. Now this I know a little bit about from athletics. The athlete who is in championship form has a quiet place in himself. That nirvana is what, is the condition that comes when you are not compelled by desire or by fear, or by social commitments, when you hold your center and act out of there.
I mean, how should I get rid of fear? There are exercises that different teachers will give you, but they may not work for you.
And all a teacher can do is give you a clue of the direction. Now, that plant sends forth little feelers to go out and clutch the plant, and it knows where the plant is and what to do— where the tree is, and it grows up like this, and it opens a leaf, and that leaf immediately turns to where the sun is.
There is a plant consciousness, there is an animal consciousness. We share all of these things. I mean, the whole thing is consciousness. I begin to feel more and more that the whole world is conscious; certainly the vegetable world is conscious, and when you live in the woods, as I did as a kid, you can see all these different consciousnesses relating to themselves.
These are the eyes of the earth, and this is the voice of the earth. What else? And all of life is a meditation, most of it unintentional. These are all perfectly, very important concerns, but they have to do with physical conditions, mostly, and spiritual conditions of the children, of course. So how do you get that?
Then you think about the myths. What the myths are for is to bring us into a level of consciousness that is spiritual.
I have left a very busy city and one of the most fiercely economically inspired cities on the planet. I walk into that cathedral, and everything around me speaks of spiritual mystery. The stained glass windows which bring another atmosphere in. My consciousness has been brought up onto another level altogether, and I am on a different platform.And what it is, is the statement of the city; we are a financial power center and look what we can do.
Que imagens vemos habitualmente na entrada? That is the country that we are going to be celebrating, and those are the people that we are one with. She, as a hawk, followed him and gave him no rest in the sky.
The interviews in the first five episodes were filmed at George Lucas 's Skywalker Ranch in California, with the sixth interview conducted at the American Museum of Natural History in New York, during the final two summers of Campbell's life. Poderes ou conhecimentos sobrenaturais, 16, 33, 76, 90, , , , , Giving himself, sacrificing himself to another. What else? Now, that is in the period of history when man is shaping his world out of a wild, savage, unshaped world.
Com um queixo mais firme, Jacob observa, mais robusto e mais relaxado.
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