INTRODUCTION TO CHEMISTRY BOOK
The text book covers more than necessary topics for an introductory chemistry as a prerequisite for General chemistry. The PDF version doesn't include the table. We recommend that you review your book three times, with each time focusing on a different Chapter 1: Introduction to Chemistry & the Nature of Science. This book teaches chemistry at an appropriate level of rigor while removing the confusion and insecurity that impairs success. Prep chem frequently intimidates.
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An Introduction to Chemistry. by Mark Bishop. A textbook intended for use in beginning chemistry courses that have no chemistry prerequisite. The text was. Here I will survey some of the basic topics of chemistry. This survey should give you enough knowledge to appreciate the impact of chemistry in. Introduction to Chemistry is a chapter introductory textbook in general chemistry. This book deals first with the atoms and the.
Why not use that to your advantage? There are no ifs or buts about it, okay? Chemistry: The Central Science — Best General Chemistry Textbook Okay, the first one in my round-up of the best books for college-level chemistry is a book that made it all the way to its 14th edition! Brown should become your new best friend and most trusted companion. Moreover, it features useful sample exercises that not only help you apply the things you learn but develop your problem-solving skills even further, too.
Organic Chemistry 2nd Edition — Best Organic Chemistry Book One of the main reasons why this book is beyond deserving of having its place in my round-up of the best chemistry books is the fact that it addresses a widespread issue most students face when studying chemistry: The fundamental and deeply-rooted disconnect between learning and applying that knowledge.
Moreover, I consider it to be one of the best introductory textbooks out there. Not only is it well-written and easy to understand but it makes the point to underline the relevance of chemistry in everyday life, as well.
The only real issue is the price tag. Solids and Liquids. Acids and Bases. Chemical Equilibrium. Oxidation and Reduction.
Nuclear Chemistry. Organic Chemistry.
Chemical Thermodynamics. Periodic Table of the Elements Appendix: Throughout each chapter, I present two features that reinforce the theme of the textbook—that chemistry is all around you. Ever wonder about the chemical reactions that they undergo to give you clean and healthy teeth or shiny hair? I will explore some of these chemical reactions in future chapters. But this feature makes it clear that chemistry is, indeed, everywhere. The other feature focuses on chemistry that you likely indulge in every day: Carbonated beverages depend on the behavior of gases, foods contain acids and bases, and we actually eat certain rocks.
Can you guess which rocks without looking ahead? Cooking, eating, drinking, and metabolism—we are involved with all these chemical processes all the time. These two features allow us to see the things we interact with every day in a new light—as chemistry.
The textbook content was produced by David W. Here are some errors.
It should be one double head arrow. The question listed the three reactions one after another. Those could be separated to avoid any confusion. No Figure 7.
Introductory Chemistry Online
It will be better to include those hydrogens, since alkane is saturated hydrocarbons, not just carbon chains. The process to convert 2. Also one multi-step conversion is not given here. In the column of substituent formula, there should be a hypen after the alkyl group. All the content is up-to-date. I like the way the author lay out each chapter, starting with interesting facts about chemistry, then subjects with examples and exercise, key takeaways, Chemistry is everywhere.
End of chapter review, and comprehensive exercises. The text is written in the way easy to understand, which can be easily implemented.
The text is written in the language at the students' level with learning objectives. Here are some suggestions the author might consider. List of rule of significant figures for calculation in Chapter 2, general formula to name compound for Chapter 3, and table of functional group and structures for Chapter 16 could be summarized separately.
For example, list what information the students could get from question itself, and how they supposed to get to the answer.
In calculation problem, students can get easily lost in where they put the values in an equation. It will benefit to sharpen students' thinking process. Overall, the text is written in a consist manner and easy to follow. One minor thing is that the author bonded those key terms. However, not every key terms is bonded.
The content for each chapter is appropriately divided into sections. The only thing I notice is that one or two figures are two page after the original place where it is mentioned.
The topics are well-organized and clear to follow. Again, a strategy provided before the solution of some example question definitely help students think. Format with better contrast may be more space between the two should be considered. I really enjoy reading those facts about chemistry is everywhere in our life. Each chapter starts with chemistry facts and end with interesting stories range from manufacture, forensic chemistry, food science, engineer, physics, and water chemistry to show why it is important to learn chemistry.
It is exciting. The author also provide some tips for problem solving. In most cases, these topics are covered in appropriate depth. A glaring exception is the periodic table — much of the The text does not include an index or a glossary — an index in particular would be very helpful. In most cases the chemistry, which is by the nature of the text at a basic level, is accurate.
There were a few places, however, where the author appears to be trying to simplify things for his introductory audience and this leads to imprecise language that I believe could be confusing to students.
Book: Introductory Chemistry Online! (Young)
A few examples follow: Based on the Bohr model, this is a popular image of the atom - one which many students have been exposed to before taking chemistry. However, the quantum-mechanical atomic model covered in section 8.
As students often have difficult time letting go of the image of electrons in orbit around the nucleus, it would be better to use a different descriptor here rather than reinforcing an incorrect image. Instead, it could be pointed out to students that eight electrons correspond to full orbitals in both the s and p sublevels, which corresponds with an electron configuration matching that of a noble gas.
This argument is illustrated by comparing the hazards of household cleaners with the fact that many food contain acids. Comparing the concentrated bases found in some cleaners with the low concentrations of weak acids in foods sets the students up for lots of conceptual misunderstandings. The examples are written in such a way that though they are current, they are not trendy and should not seem quickly dated.
Ball writes in a clear, straightforward style, and he does a good job of defining vocabulary as it comes up. I believe students would find the text accessible, if dry. A place where clarity could be improved is the figures. Many times, information is present in as text or as a table, when something more visual would have significantly more impact. For example, the charges of common ions are presented as a list.
If this information were presented overlaid on the periodic table, it would be easy for students to notice that certain groups of elements share the same ionic charge. Chapters are organized in a consistent manner, and I did not notice any inconsistencies in terminology.
The chapters of the text are divided into sections that would easily allow organization into short readings assignments. It would also be possible to only cover portions of a chapter, or to cover chapters out of order. Online text: Both editions contained references to figures that were not included. Additionally, the text would be greatly improved by the inclusion of an index.
However, I could see myself using sections or chapters as reading assignments for a liberal-arts chemistry course — perhaps with minor modification, which is allowed by the CC license.
It's missing any discussion of reaction rates though. There is no glossary or index and that is There is no glossary or index and that is a big drawback.
Presumably, you would need to use the find feature of whatever viewing software you are using. This might be tough to do if you are a student reading the book on your phone. Also, there is no good illustration of the periodic table. In the appendix, there is a nice one, but it is split in half over two pages.
There is a link provided to a nice periodic table, however. Another big drawback is that this book is missing the equivalent of the inside of the front and back covers typically found in a print version of a chemistry text. Besides the periodic table, you are likely to find a list of elements with their symbols, atomic numbers and atomic masses; a list of common monoatomic and polyatomic ions; a list of common acids and bases; a list of metric prefixes; a list of useful constants and conversion factors.
It would be nice to collect these lists in an appendix so that you don't have to keep flipping through the book to find the information. I also found the math background that was provided a bit inconsistent. Showing how to do conversions was well presented. However, in the section on the pH scale, it is assumed that the student is familiar with and understands what a logarithm is. I found the book to be almost error free. There were a few typos, but they didn't seem to be serious. Some of the terminology seems a little bit dated like "limiting reagent" instead of "limiting reactant," but otherwise the content is up-to-date.
This book is quite clearly written. My only objection to the writing style is that the author assumes the student is comfortable with math which is often not true.
He makes statements like "It should be a trivial task now to extend the calculations to.. Every chapter is broken down into subsections. Each subsection ends with "Key Takeaways" which summarizes the main points of the subsection and Exercises with the answers to the odd numbered ones provided.
I agree that the topics in the text are presented in a logical, clear fashion. The only change I would make is to present Chemical Equilibrium before Acids and Bases instead of after. Reading the HTML version of the text, it was easy to go from subsection to subsection or from chapter to chapter.
You can easily get back to the table of contents at any time and either choose a specific subsection to go to, or if you don't know exactly which subsection you want, you could choose the whole chapter. You could also click on the mention of a figure in the text and you would be taken to that figure.
This was usually not necessary as the the figure would be already on the page. The PDF and docx versions are a mess, at least on my computer, a five-year-old Mac. In the early chapters, none of the equations display properly. One of the overarching themes of the book is that "chemistry is everywhere," so many examples are used that apply to real life.
There are medical references, but I would have liked to have seen more, as many students taking this class are pursuing an allied medical profession. I also would have liked more environmental chemistry examples. The topics listed in the Table of Contents are fairly typical of a textbook aimed at an Introductory Chemistry audience.
Upon closer examination, these topics receive a surface-level treatment; this is not inappropriate for a one-semester "bridge" Upon closer examination, these topics receive a surface-level treatment; this is not inappropriate for a one-semester "bridge" type course between high school and college-level chemistry. There is no index or glossary, so students would be forced to rely on the sequential organization of the book to find specific information. This textbook is representative of a typical introductory chemistry textbook.
There are only minor errors and oversimplifications in the text. The content relies on longstanding, tried-and-true examples from the field. It will not lose its longevity, but students and instructors may find it difficult to connect to the relevance of chemistry to modern issues. The text has clear explanations written in simple terms.
It should be accessible to high school and early college-level students. The explanations are not always the most efficient possible, but neither are those of most chemistry textbooks!
The text is very sequential in nature, as chemistry is in general. It would be difficult for an instructor to use the chapters out of the order in which they are presented. The textbook is very sequential, and the formatting is very straightforward and easy to navigate. However, it does very little to grab the reader's attention. The book has been edited for grammar and spelling. There were only a limited number of grammatical errors.
The textbook was designed around the premise that "Chemistry is Everywhere", but I don't feel that the case was made very well throughout. There is no culturally offensive content, but there were fewer connections to everyday life than I would have expected. This book is a good start for an instructor who desires to adapt and develop her or his own supplementary material and examples to flesh out an introductory college-level course.
It would readily replace the vast majority of textbooks sold by for-profit publishers in this market, and the effort required by the instructor to adapt the materials would well be worth the effort in terms of cost savings for her or his students. Given the book's title Introductory Chemistry , I would say that it successfully attempts to cover most topics which I would associate with an introductory chemistry course but not a General Chemistry course. That is, it would be appropriate That is, it would be appropriate for an introductory course geared toward non-science majors or for a chemistry course geared toward prospective science majors i.
I reviewed the book with this in mind and primarily focused on Chapters 1 - 5 and 9, which cover topics often found in introductory courses. I would add though that some topics are left out, notably kinetics. While this is appropriate for a very introductory course, it's not appropriate for a General Chemistry course. Further, topics like an Introduction to Organic Chemistry, which was an included topic ARE appropriate for a General Chemistry course but not for an introductory chemistry course.
Overall, the book does an adequate job of covering topics needed for an introductory course but does a less than adequate job of covering topics needed for a General Chemistry course.
The sample problems and examples that I reviewed seemed generally accurate.
However, examples used to explain concepts were not always well chosen and I would disagree with certain word choices the author used to explain concepts. For example, when explaining sig figs, the author seems to treat them as more of a convention that is arbitrary rather than as a practice grounded in scientific and mathematical principles. In other areas of the text, the author oversimplifies, such as when he explains the octet rule in chapter 9 and says " It's perfectly acceptable and more accurate when introducing the octet rule to say instead that the reasons behind it aren't going to be explained at that time.
Well, it's a chemistry book That being said, I would give it good marks for longevity as the author attempts to introduce everyday examples of chemistry in the world around us - in ingredient labels, cooking, etc. This hopefully will make students more interested in the material in the long run. It suffers though, from not being a bit more interactive. Perhaps pairing it with YouTube videos, other CC materials or free resources would make it have more staying power.
In my view, the book has too many errors of grammar to be rated as having good clarity. It also has poor labeling of diagrams i. Figure 4. It's very important to always use state symbols once they have been introduced.
I would even say that the sections are often out of order. For example, section 1.
But then in section 1. The concept of science is more fundamental and should be introduced prior to or concurrent with the definition of chemistry. And how the author defines science is nebulous at best c.
Another confusing statement which demonstrates poor word choice is the statement in Chapter 3 that "Some elements exist as molecules. I would give the book mediocre marks on consistency. I say this mainly because the book has very inconsistent use of state symbols in chemical equations.
It does have good parallel structure in that it has similar structures for each chapter. And it has a similar tone throughout the book. But, it also suffers from a lack of sufficient examples and all the examples are of very similar format i.
I think many of the concepts could be explained in more ways so that they would be accessible to a more diverse body of students. The chapters are reasonably stand alone and tend to reference concepts which can be learned about from other sources i.
The book does reference itself sometimes, but it doesn't seem to do this too much.
I think there are particular concepts the author explains quite well and which could be pulled from the text for a lecture or course packet. I commented some on this in my comments on clarity, but I would say the book would get mediocre marks for organization and flow.
Even in chapter 1, the concept of chemistry is introduced explicitly before the concept of science, which strikes me as odd. Chapter 6 Gases seems out of place also - why discuss the theory of gases right after stoichiometry but before bonding Chapter 9. It does make sense to put Nuclear Chemistry and Organic Chemistry at the end, but the order of Chapters 6 - 14 is odd to me. I would give the book a mediocre score for interface.
The graphics are not particularly engaging and, in certain cases they are poorly chosen i. Also, when you click on the links in the text in the online version sometimes it snaps to slightly the wrong place.
It should snap to a place where you can still see the title and caption of the Figure, and this isn't generally the case i. Some links don't work i. Figure 1. To give a further example, in chapter 1, when the author is defining matter, he says that air is " Also in chapter 1, the author, when attempting to describe chemical properties, uses the sentence "Burning is a chemical property.
Well, it's a chemistry text, so this isn't as big of an issue and is more difficult to comment on. That being said, I suppose the book could try to incorporate more examples of women or minority chemists and their contributions. Or, in example problems make sure to use a wide array of names which traditionally represent men and women. Overall, I would not use this book as written for a chemistry course I am teaching.
But, I would make use of certain example problems and definitions that I think the author has done well. I think the author made a good effort to make a text which is accessible to introductory students but needed more consistency, editing and thought put into the final product. Text covers all the main areas of general chemistry. However, there is lack of picutres in some topics so that students understand the concepts. Some expressions should be revised i. Periodic table on page and Table 3.
Some illustrations and images are disproportionated. Some tables are blurry, specially when the equation editor is used. Contents are up to date. However, reference to the most recent discoveries should be added in future revisions. For example, changes in the Periodic Table.Author s: I look forward to reading more of Mr. Periodic table on page and Table 3. Covered topics are: The content for each chapter is appropriately divided into sections. New and expanded research topics: Metal-organic frameworks Solid acids for alkylation of isobutene by butanes Carbon molecular sieves Mixed micro- and mesoporous solids Organocatalysis Process intensification and gas phase enzymatic reactions Hydrogen storage for fuel cells Reactive distillation Catalysts in action on an atomic scale Updated and expanded current events topics: Industry resistance to inherently safer chemistry Nuclear power Removal of mercury from vaccines Removal of mercury and lead from primary explosives Biofuels New hard materials to reduce wear Electronic waste Smart growth The book covers traditional green chemistry topics, including catalysis, benign solvents, and alternative feedstocks.
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